The family and family planning in Kwun Tong

AuthorNg, Pedro Pak-taoChung Chung-ngor

Leung, Davy Hak-kim

TitleA Chinese spirit-medium temple in Kwun Tong: A preliminary report
PublisherSocial Research Center, the Chinese University of Hong Kong
Publication DateApril, 1976
Subjects:Birth control
Family size
Abstract/ Concluding Remarks:An ongoing research program to study fertility behavior and population change in Kwun Tong, a newly developed industrialized satellite town of the metropolis of Hong Kong, has the overall objective of identifying a system of social variables affecting population in Kwun Tong. The 1st phase of the program has the objective of studying the relationships between socioeconomic characteristics of the family and the family structure as well as fertility and family planning behavior. The survey's 1st phase was conducted in 1973, and its 2 major analytic concerns are 1) to obtain a fairly comprehensive database for a descriptive understanding of what families and family life are like in Kwun Tong and 2) to relate certain characteristics of the family as a whole and characteristics of the couple as individuals to their family planning behavior and fertility goals. The data collected indicate that families in the 3 types of housing are quite different in the average number of children they have - 2.9 children in private housing, 4.0 children low cost housing, and 4.5 children in resettlement estates. The proportion of wives under the age of 45 who have ever practiced contraception is over 80% in both low cost and private housing and is about 75% in resettlement estates. It was also found that the average number of children in a family varies inversely with the husband's occupational ranking and the husband's income. Both the husband's education and in particular the wife's education have a marked effect on the number of children. Women who have an urban background typically have fewer children than do those with a rural background. The data further indicate that labor force participation of women is associated with lower fertility. Variation in the practice of family planning by the socioeconomic variables selected was not as clear-cut on the whole as variation in the number of children.
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