Research Projects and Publications in CUHK- Japanese Studies

Research Projects


  • Delayed or Indefinitely Postponed Marriage in Japan and Hong Kong: A Study of Never Married Women and Changing Social Values

  • NAKANO Lynne
    31 December 2002
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This study examines women’s decisions to delay or indefinitely postpone marriage in Hong Kong and Japan. In Hong Kong in 2000, never married women represented 16.6 percent of women in their 30s and 40s compared to only 8.8 percent in 1986. In Japan in 1996, 20 percent of women were unmarried in their early 30s compared to only 7 percent in 1970. These figures are particularly striking given that the family has been the central unit through which women and men have negotiated their lives in the context of Hong Kong’s rapid industrialization. In Japan, a stable and enduring institution of marriage has formed the basis of the postwar socio-economic system. Why are increasing numbers of women in these two societies delaying marriage? Are women rejecting the institution of the family? Or have the two societies produced conditions that have made marriage for women difficult or unappealing? By interviewing 100 never married Hong Kong and Japanese women, ages 25 to 45, the study seeks to understand why women are delaying marriage in the context of their societies and considers reasons for delayed marriage globally. (CU02018)



  • Deregulation in the Japanese Economy: The Case of the Oil Industry

  • MITO Takamichi
    1 April 2002
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    In response to a series of crises since the burst of the bubble economy, Japan has attempted to deregulate its economy so as to revitalize the fragile financial and corporate system and to overcome costly overproduction capacity with a weak domestic demand. This study aims; (1) to review the characteristics of Japan.s regulation of the oil industry; (2) to outline the deregulation process; (3) to assess the impact of the deregulation on the oil industry; and (4) to analyse the impact of deregulation on business-government relations.
    This is part of a series of study on government-business relations in Japan by this investigator. The study of the government.s regulation in the 1960s and 1970s have already been carried out and published by the author. This is an expansion of this research and focuses on new development since the mid-1980s.
    The significance of this study lies in the fact that deregulation is deemed to be a critical step forward for the revitalization of this second largest economy in the world. Its outcome can profoundly affect the well-beings of not only Japan but also many other economies including Hong Kong. The study of the oil industry can provide a critical angle to examine this issue because the Japanese government has extensively regulated this sector throughout the post war era as oil is a strategic commodity for industrial growth and economic well-beings and is mostly imported from politically fragile Middle East. (AL01408)



  • Globalization of the East Asian Cinemas: A Cross-Cultural Examination in the Filmmaking of Hong Kong, Japan and Korea

  • YAU Shuk Ting
    1 May 2005
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    There has been much debate over the last decade regarding to the issue of social transformations which are taking place in the world such as increasing interconnectedness of different societies, the compression of time and space and an intensification of consciousness of the world as a whole. Such changes are often labelled with the term “globalization”. Despite the complexity of the globalization phenomena, many scholars and researchers agreed that movies are deeply implicated in the changes that are taking place. However, does globalization imply that the world cinema is becoming a homogeneous arena for global film genre and audience? In this study, I would like to argue this issue through the analysis and comparison of the production of Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean film industries. The aims of this project are as follows:
    1. To investigate and review the characteristics and suggest a full picture of the contemporary Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean cinemas;
    2. To identify the transformation and interrelation of the Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean cinemas through their culture, technique and mutual collaboration;
    3. To analyse the different representative film genres of the Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean cinemas in a global perspective by evaluating their ideological, social and cultural meanings;
    4. To find out the similarities and differences between Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean cinema representative film genre;
    5. To assess and discuss the impact of the Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean cinema in order to understand their influence to the world cinema and society.
    The significance of this study lies in the fact that it is the first attempt to exhaustively investigate and argue the transformation and collaboration of Hong Kong, Japanese and Korean film industries in the sense of globalization. It will provide a detailed picture in order to serve as a pilot study and as a rich reference for researching and understanding the interrelation and the development of the East Asian cinema. (AL04383)



  • Hong Kong-Japan Interactions and Collaborations in the ACG (Animation-Comic-Game) Industry: A Historical and Cultural Analysis

  • NG Wai Ming
    1 September 2005
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This proposed research project will be a pioneering, original and timely study of the interactions and collaborations between Hong Kong and Japan in producing, marketing and consuming their ACG (animation-comic-game) products from historical, cultural and comparative perspectives. Japan is a global superpower in the creative industry and in particular its ACG products have been overwhelmingly received in Asia. Hong Kong, a major consumption and distribution center of Japanese AGC products in Asia, is used as a case study to examine the globalization and localization of Japanese ACG in an East Asian context and their implications for Hong Kong to develop its creative industry. By outlining the history of Japanese ACG in Hong Kong from the late 1960s to the present and discussing the process of how Hong Kong artists and businessmen use Japan as the main reference to develop comics, animated series and video games in Hong Kong, this study identifies the important trend that Hong Kong is transforming itself from a consumer and distributor to a partner of Japanese ACG. In recent years, Japan and Hong Kong are interacting and collaborating with each other to develop ACG products for the Asian market. This study aims to deepen understanding of issues in transnational cultural flows, localization and hybridization in the age of cultural globalization. (CU05680)



  • Investigation of the Differences in Communication Strategies between Japanese and Hong Kong People by Studying Chinese University of Hong Kong Students

  • HO Chi Ming
    15 January 2007
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    There are many students in CUHK who are interested in Japanese culture and many of them have had the experience of learning the Japanese language. An in-class survey conducted in September 2006 revealed that although Hong Kong students are interested in Japanese culture, they do not think that it is easy to understand the Japanese manner of communication. In addition, many researchers have also pointed out that the Japanese manner of communication is difficult to understand and gives foreigners a negative impression to a certain extent. Why do we think that the Japanese manner of communication is ambiguous? In this study, we will examine the characteristics of the communication strategies used by Japanese and Hong Kong people and the differences between them from a discourse analysis approach. This study will include a questionnaire and an interview. In the questionnaire, we will investigate the communication strategies used by Japanese and Hong Kong people and their differences. For example, how do these two groups of people make requests and refuse the requests of others? In the interview, both people of Hong Kong (local CUHK students) and Japan (Japanese exchange students in CUHK) will be asked to express their opinions on the communication strategies used in their mother tongue. The focus will be on the following problems: (i) how well do Hong Kong people who know the Japanese language understand the communication strategies used by Japanese people, and (ii) how well do Japanese people understand the communication strategies used by Hong Kong people. (AL06960)



  • Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Entertainment Industry: A Historical and Ethnographic Survey

  • NG Wai Ming
    2 September 2002
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This proposed project is intended as a pioneering study of Japanese elements in Hong Kong entertainment from historical and ethnographic perspectives. The global popularization of Japanese popular culture has reshaped the world’s cultural landscape. In Asia, Japanese popular culture has become the only force that is strong enough to challenge the hegemony of American popular culture. Hong Kong, a major consumption and distribution center of Japanese popular culture in Asia, is used as a case study to examine the globalization and localization of Japanese popular culture in an East Asian context. Our scope of investigation is narrowed down to the three most important forms of audio-visual entertainment, namely television dramas, popular music and movies. It looks into the reception of Japanese television dramas, popular music and movies in Hong Kong from the 1970s to the present and analyzes the process of how Japanese elements are incorporated into Hong Kong entertainment industry.
    This study will have important implications for a new understanding of the rise of Japanese popular culture in Hong Kong (and Asia as well). Most existing studies focus on cultural and psychological factors behind the Japanese popular craze in Hong Kong and the impact of Japanese popular culture on the consumption and mindset of the Hong Kong people. This proposed project aims to demonstrate that it would be simplistic to see the current Japanese popular culture craze in Hong Kong as a one-way cultural flow. Hong Kong is indeed an active player in the transnational cultural interchange between Japan and Hong Kong. Hong Kong entertainment industry has been creatively and selectively incorporating and domesticating Japanese elements to enhance its artistic value and commercial appeal. (CU02002)




Research Publications


  • FONG Wan. "A New Approach on Japanese Grammar Teaching – A Study on JSL Learners of Mainland China and Hong Kong". (co-authored WANG Gang) Japanese Language Education Journal vol.34. Tokyo, Japan: Japan Language Institute, 2006.07.



  • FONG Wan. This transcript of the Federal Trade Commission proves that Fong Wan herbs give wonderful results. Oakland,Calif. : Fong Wan, [194-?].
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL WB925.F66)



  • "香港と日本の習慣の違いに基づいた中上級会話テキストと授業". 6th International Japanese Studies and Japanese Education Symposium vol.2. Hong Kong, China: Society of Japanese Language Education, Hong Kong, 2005. pp.94-104.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "Comparative Study of 'Words Style' Among Japan, Mainland China, Taiwan and Hong Kong: 1945 Words of the Commonly-used Kanji (Chinese Character)". Global Networking in Japanese Studies and Japanese Language Education, Japanese Studies and Japanese Language Education Studies no.1, Hong Kong SAR: Society of Japanese Language Education, HK Japanese, 2005.03.21 pp.50-58.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "The Commonness and Difference of the Chinese Characters (KANJI) in Japan, China, Taiwan and Hong Kong". Studies in Comparative Culture no.62, Japan: The Japan Association of Comparative Cultrue, 2003.12.25. pp.63-74.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "Comparison List on Fundamental Kanji Characters in Japan, PRC, Taiwan and Hong Kong, analysis between Japan and Taiwan". Paper presented in the The International Symposium on Japanese Culture & Japanese Language Education in 2004, organized by 臺灣日語教育學會,中日文教基金會, Taiwan, 2004.11.27. p.31-P.44.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "A Few Suggestions Toward Japanese Education of Hong Kong". Japanese Journal, vol.5, Hong Kong, 2001.06. pp.87-95.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "The Issues of the Teaching of Vocabulary in Japanese for Learners in Hong Kong - To Serve as reference for Succeeding Contrastive Analyses". Japanese Language Education and Japanese Studies in Asia-Pacific: Current Trends and Future Directions ed. by Yuko Miyazoe Wong. Hong Kong SAR: Society of Japanese Language Education, Hong Kong, 2003.03. pp.50-62.
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC PL519 .I57 1999)



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "Are There any Merits of Studying in Japan for Foreign Students? Doubts Projected by a Preliminary Survey of Hong Kong, Macau and Singapore". The 5th International Symposium on Japan Association for International Students Education (JAISE) vol.5, Japan, 2000.12. pp.151-166.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "On the 'Kanji'-Reader Class for Cantonese Speakers in Hong Kong: Some Comments Through an Analysis of Self-Made Teaching Materials in Department of Japanese Studies, Hong Kong Chinese University". The 1st Symposium on the Studies of Brunei-Japan Relationship and the Japanese Language Education vol.1, Brunei: The Association of Japanese Language Education in Brunei, 2000.05. pp.25-52.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "香港における日本語教育と今後の問題". Paper presented in the The International Forum for Japanese Culture and Japanese Language, organized by Tsing Hua University. Peking, China, 2006.05.27.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "香港の日本語教育と学会の状況". Paper presented in the 2006 Summer Conference in the Japanese Langauge Association of Korea, organized by Cheong Ju University. Korea, South, 2006.06.16.



  • KOJIMA Yoshiharu. "濁点・半濁点記号の歴史",《香港日本語教育研究》,vol.11, Hong Kong, China:香港日本語教育研究,2007.06,pp.86-93。



  • LEE Wood Hung. "An Investigation of the Prosodic Characteristics of Hong Kong Cantonese Speakers' Interrogative Sentences in Japanese" (co-authored with MURASHIMA Kenichiro). Journal of International Students Education no.8, Tokyo, Japan: Japan Association for International Students Education, 2003.12. pp.183-199.



  • LEE Wood Hung. "Translation as Cultural Hybridization: A Study of Chinese Editions of Japanese Comics in Hong Kong". Paper presented in the beijing forum, organized by Organizing Committee for Beijing Forum. Beijing, China, 2005.11.17.



  • MITO Takamichi. "Crisis Management and International Students' Education: The Outbreak of SARS in Hong Kong and International Exchange Students". The Journal of International Students Education vol.8. Tokyo, Japan: Japan Association for International Students Education, 2003.12. pp.261-280.



  • MITO Takamichi. Forum: The International Chambers of Commerce - Chief Economist David O'Rear of the Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce. Hong Kong SAR: Weekly Hong Kong, 2004.07.22.



  • MITO Takamichi. Forum: The International Chambers of Commerce - Executive Director Andrew Kwok of the Singapore Chamber of Commerce, Hong Kong. Hong Kong SAR: Weekly Hong Kong, 2004.08.26.



  • MITO Takamichi. "The Outbreak of SARS in Hong Kong and International Student Exchange Preograms with Japanese and Other Universities". Global Networking in Japanese Studies and Japanese Language Education, Japanese Studies and Japanese Language Education Studies ed. by Rita Takahashi, Yuko Miyazoe-Wong, Toshiyuki Yamaguchi & Maggie Leung. Hong Kong SAR: Society of Japanese Language Education, HK, 2005.03.21. pp.373-382.



  • MITO Takamichi. "The Outbreak of SARS in Hong Kong and the Response of the Japanese Community". Global Networking in Japanese Studies and Japanese Language Education, Japanese Studies and Japanese Language Education Studies ed. by Rita Takahashi, Yuko Miyazoe-Wong, Toshiyuki Yamaguchi, Maggie Leung. Hong Kong SAR: Society of Japanese Language Education, HK, 2005.03.21. p.360-372.



  • NAKANO Lynne. "Japanese Clothing Styles in Hong Kong". Paper presented in the Association of Consumer Research 2007, 2007.10.28.



  • NAKANO Lynne. "Japanese Fashion Magazines and Shopping for Identity in Hong Kong ". Paper presented in the Annual Meeting of the Association of Asian Studies, organized by Association of Asian Studies , New York, 2003.04.



  • NAKANO Lynne. "Single Women and Delayed Marriage in Japan and Hong Kong". Paper presented in the Annual Meeting of the Association of Asian Studies, organised by Association of Asian Studies. Washington D.C., 2002.04.05.



  • NG Wai Ming. "History of Japanese Pornographic Films in Hong Kong and Their Impact on Hong Kong Category 3 Films". How East Asian Films are Reshaping National Indentities ed. by Andrew Jackson. New York, United States of America: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2006. pp.211-220.



  • NG Wai Ming. "Hong Kong Young People and Cultural Pilgrimage to Japan: The Role of Japanese Popular Culture in Asian Tourism". Asian Tourism: Growth and Change ed. by Janet Cochrane. United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2008. pp.183-192.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Reserve 2 hours G155.A74 A85 2008)



  • NG Wai Ming. "Imagining and Consuming Japanese Food in Hong Kong, SAR, China: A Study of Culinary Domestication and Hybridization". Asian Profile vol.34 no.4, Canada: Asian Research Service, 2006.08. pp.299-308.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical DS1.A4746 v.34, 2006)



  • NG Wai Ming. "The Impact of Japanese Comics in Hong Kong". Tokyo International Anime Fair 21 Tokyo: Tokyo International Anime Fair 21 Committee, 2002.02.15.



  • NG Wai Ming. "The Interaction Among Japanese, American and Hong Kong Popular Culture in Singapore". Knowing Singapore in 60 Chapters Japan: Akashi Shoten, 2001.10. pp.57-61.



  • NG Wai Ming. "Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Comics: History, Art, and Industry". International Journal of Comic Art vol.5 no.2, 2003. pp.184-193.



  • NG Wai Ming. "Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Erotic Films, (Spring 2004)" Asian Cinema vol.15 no.1, United States of America: Asian Cinema Studies Society, 2004. pp.217-224.



  • NG Wai Ming. "Street Fighter and The King of Fighters in Hong Kong: A Study of Cultural Consumption and Localization of Japanese Games in an Asian Context". Game Studies: International Journal of Computer Game Research vol.6 no.1, Denmark: Board of Game Studies, 2006.12. pp.1-14.



  • NG Wai Ming. "When Sadako Meets Mr. Vampire: The Impact of Ringu on Hong Kong Ghost Films". Asian Cinema Spring/Summer. Vol.19 No.1. United States of America: Asian Cinema Studies Society, 2008. pp.143-156.



  • YAU Shuk Ting. “A Study of Japanese, Korean, and Hong Kong Beauty Comedies,” Asian Cinema, Asian Cinema Studies Society, USA. vol.17, no.2, Fall/Winter Asian Cinema United States of America: Asian Cinema Studies Society, 2006.



  • YAU Shuk Ting. "From Musicals to Martial Arts: Fifty Years of Hong Kong-Japanese Cinematic Cooperation". How East Asian Films Are Reshaping National Identities-Essays on the Cinemas of China, Japan, South Korea, and Hong Kong ed. by Andrew David Jackson, Michael Gibb, Dave White. pp.185-209. New York, United States of America: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2006.



  • YAU Shuk Ting. Globalization of the East Asian Cinemas: A Cross-Cultural Examinaton in the Fimmaking of Hong Kong, Japan, and Korea. Hong Kong, China: Direct Grant for Research, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2006.04.



  • YAU Shuk Ting. "Interactions between Japanese and Hong Kong Action Cinemas". Hong Kong Connections - Transnatonal Imaginaton in Action Cinema ed. by Meaghan Morris, Siu Leung Li, Stephen Chan Ching-Kiu. Hong Kong SAR: Hong Kong University Press, 2005.11.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Good Reads PN1995.9.A3 H66 2005 c.3; UL Reserve 1 day PN1995.9.A3 H66 2005; UL HK Studies PN1995.9.A3 H66 2005 c.2)



  • YAU Shuk Ting. "The Japan Factor in Hong Kong's Mandarin Musicals (forthcoming)". Early Collaborations of East Asian Cinema United States of America: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2006.



  • YAU Shuk Ting. "Transcending the Outsider’s Role: A Japanese Superstar in Japan and Hong Kong". Asian Profile vol.35 no.6, Canada: Asian Research Service, 2007.12.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical DS1.A4746 v.35, 2007)



  • YAU Shuk Ting. "A Study of Japanese, Korean, and Hong Kong Beauty Comedies (forthcoming)". Journal of Asian Cinema United States of America: Asian Cinema Studies Society, 2006. l



  • YAU Shuk Ting. "中平康の香港時代". Ko Nakahira Retrospective 〜The DirectorCalled "Cinema Stylist" Kato Takeshi. pp.50-52. Tokyo, Japan: Puchigura Publishing, 2003.09.



  • 李活雄:《日語發音 : 香港人學習日語指南》,香港:中文大學出版社,1992。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Literature PL543 .L5 c.6; CC PL543 .L5 c.5)



  • 吳偉明:<日本流行文化在香港的本地化現象原因初探>,《日本文化在香港》,李培德編,中國香港:香港大學,2006,頁175-188。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS796.H75 R53 2002 c.2; UL HK Studies DS796.H75 R53 2002)



  • 吳偉明: <日本漫畫對香港漫畫界及流行文化的影響>,《二十一世紀雙月刊》,第72卷,香港特別行政區,2002.08,頁105-112。



  • 吳偉明: "日本漫画的要素の現地化---香港のマンガとポピュラーカルチャー". Osaka University, The 21th Century COE Program, 2006 ed. by Ito Mimio. インメージとしての日本 ed. Osaka, Japan: Osaka University, The 21th Century COE Program, 2006, 2006.01.31. pp.33-41.



  • 吳偉明:<香港的日本電視劇:歷史與影響>,《亞洲文化》,第29卷,中國香港,2005.06,頁182-199。



  • 邱淑婷:《清水宏101年紀念展》 (Shimizu Hiroshi 101th anniversary), (與李焯桃合編) ,Hong Kong : Hong Kong International Film Festival Society, 2004。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN1998.3.S468 S54 2004 c.2; UL HK Studies PN1998.3.S468 S54 2004)



  • 邱淑婷:<香港・日本映画交流史―アジア映画ネットワークのルーツを探る> Interrelations between Japanese and Hong Kong Film Industries-Investigation of the Roots of the Asian Film Networks 407 pgs. Tokyo, Japan: University of Tokyo Press, 2007.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN1993.5.H6 Q65 2007 c.2)



  • 邱淑婷:《港日電影關係》,香港特別行政區:(香港)天地圖書有限公司》,2006.06.。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN1993.5.C4 Q58 2006; UL HK Studies PN1993.5.C4 Q58 2006 c.2; UC General Education PN1993.5.C4 Q58 2006 c.3)



  • 梁安玉; LAI Yuk Wah Esther; CHEE Ming Choo and 高橋(JAP)村上仁. "An Investigation Into the Needs of Business Japanese of the University Graduates and Local Business Communities in Hong Kong". 《日本學刊》 vol.5, pp.30-42. Hong Kong, 2001.06.
* Name of external researcher
# Name of staff who has left the University