LAI Chi Tim 黎志添

Research Projects


  • Contemporary Daoist Ritual of Zhengyi Tradition in Hong Kong and Macau and Its Structural Relationship with the Daoist Liturgies of the Song Period
  • LAI Chi Tim
    1 November 2005
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This project aims at a close study of the canon of Song Daoist ritual texts such as the writings of Lin Lingsu 林靈素 (1076-1120), Jin Yunzhong 金允中 (fl. 1223-25), and Jiang Shuyu 蔣叔輿 (1162-1223), as well as full use of the liturgical manuscripts used by Daoist masters of Zhengyi traditions in Hong Kong and Macau today, coupled with intensive fieldwork in these two regions. Particular emphasis will be placed on the origin, circulation, and links of these Daoist liturgical manuscripts as found and practiced in Hong Kong and Macau. By focusing on the Daoist ritual tradition in Hong Kong and Macau, the present project would make a significant contribution to the studies of history of Daoism since the Song Dynasty in the contexts of many localized ritual traditions of Daoism developed in variation over rime in southern Guangdong, including Hong Kong and Macau. (CU05693)


  • Daoist Liturgies of the Song Period and its Comparison with Contemporary Daoist Ritual in Hong Kong
  • LAI Chi Tim
    1 May 2005
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    This project is a close study of the canon of Song Daoist ritual texts such as the writings of Lin Lingsu 林靈素 (1076-1120), Jin Yunzhong 金允中 (fl. 1223-25), and Jiang Shuyu 蔣叔輿 (1162-1223), as well as full use of the liturgical manuscripts used by Daoist masters of Zhengyi traditions in Hong Kong and Macau today, coupled with intensive fieldwork in these two regions. Professor Liu Tsun Yan 柳存仁 pointed out in his study of Sung Daoist ritual tradition that the sort of exorcistic ritual for dispelling the orphan spirits of the dead has arose and diffused over southern China since the end of North Song period. Thus, particular emphasis in this present project will be placed on the origin, circulation, and links of these Daoist liturgical manuscripts as found and practiced in Hong Kong. By focusing on a comparison between Song Daoist ritual texts and the Daoist ritual tradition in Hong Kong, the present project would make a significant contribution to the studies of history of Daoism since the Song Dynasty in the contexts of many localized ritual traditions of Daoism developed in variation over time in southern Guangdong, including Hong Kong. (AL04730)


  • A Study of Nahm Mouh (喃嘸) Daoist Tradition in Hong Kong
  • LAI Chi Tim
    11 February 2001
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    In Hong Kong, Nahm mouh Daoist priests(喃嘸道士) are individually hired and paid to provide Daoist ritual services such as funeral rites (打齋) and rites of offerings (禮斗). These are two different types of ritual activities separately called as the "white affairs" (白事) and "red affairs" (紅事). This research project is first to focus on the study of nahm mouh funeral rite that aims at the salvation of the dead. First is the preliminary reconstruction of the history of nahm mouh tradition in Hong Kong as well as its link to the Cantonese nahm mouh tradition, which has already been found in the late Qing period. Second, by means of oral interviews, the researcher will investigate the genealogy and history of some significant nahm mouh families in Hong Kong. Third, the ritual processes and structure of the funeral rites performed by the nahm mouh sin-sang will be studied. In this part of fieldwork research, the researcher will observe their ritual performance, collect and study their ritual manuscripts. Finally, there are about fifteen to twenty Daoist Halls (道院) presently opened by nahm mouh sin-sang in Hong Kong. In these Daoist Halls, professional services of Daoist funeral rites are provided for the families of the dead. The researcher will reconstruct the history, network and activities of some representative Daoist Hall. (AL00879)


  • 香港道教儀式研究 Daoist Ritual Practice in Hong Kong
  • 黎志添 LAI Chi Tim
    15 April 2002
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    本研究計劃屬於《香港道教儀式及歷史研究》一書的第二期研究內容。本人於2000-2001年度獲得大學研究撥款委員會資助第一期的「香港喃嘸道教傳統的研究」計劃。第一期計劃著重研究香港正一派喃嘸道士的喪葬儀式及其傳統來源。受益於此研究資助,本人已發表有關香港正一道士的歷史及其齋儀傳統的學術論文共有三篇,全部屬於這方面研究的首次發表成果,其中一篇已為台灣中央研究院近代史研究集刊接納發表刊載 (2002 年第一期),其餘兩篇已經在國際學術會議發表。
    作為另一階段的香港道教儀式研究,本研究計劃將有不同的重點,包括:(1) 香港全真派的儀式研究 (本計劃得到蓬瀛仙館科儀部的協助);(2) 除了第一階段喃喃嘸打齋儀式研究,本計劃還包括香港道教的禮斗和打醮儀式研究。
    本計劃的研究方法,一方面,是通過田野調查和道士的口述歷史訪問、以及與《道藏》和《藏外道書》的研究結合,另一方面,本計劃將把搜集到的道教科儀書輸入成為電子文獻本,作為對此課題更深入研討的分析基礎。
    最後值得一提的是,中國宗教 (道教) 儀式研究的學術成果,將不止於認識道教本身的傳統,還觸及中國及香港社會的近代歷史變遷 (從第一期的研究成果可証明得到)。
    (AL01416)



Research Publications


  • "Cantonese Zhengyi Daoist Masters in Southern Guangdong, including Hong Kong and Macau, after the Late Imperial Period". Paper presented in the From Eternity to Modernity: An International Symposium on Daoist Tradition and Transformation in Modern China, organized by Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University. Boston, United States, 2006.06.13.



  • " Daoist Masters and Chinese Society: The History and Ritual Practice of Zhengyi Daoist Masters in Southern Guangdong , including Hong Kong and Macau, after the Late Imperial Period". Paper presented in the New Perspectiveson Daoist Religion, organized by University of Chicago. Chicago, United States, 2005.10.07.



  • "Hong Kong Daoism: A Study of Daoist Altars and Lü Dongbin Cults". Social Compass vol.50 no.4, London, United Kingdom, 2003. pp.459-470.



  • 《中大崇基學院宗教系系會論文集》(與馮穎賢及許開明合編),香港:中華書局(香港)有限公司,2003。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL87 .Z46 1982)



  • 《在求真的道路上 : 賀沈宣仁敎授七秩之慶》(與劉國英及張燦輝合編),香港:中華書局(香港)有限公司,2003。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies LB2301 .Z66 2001; CC LB2301 .Z66 2001 c.2; NA General Education LB2301 .Z66 2001 c.4)



  • 〈早期香港喃嘸道教歷史初探〉,《宗教、社會與區域文化——華南與西南研究》 譚偉倫、李剛編,香港:崇基中國宗教與社會研究中心,2003,頁215-236。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL1810 .Z65 2001 c.2; CC BL1810 .Z65 2001)



  • 《宗教的和平與衝突 : 香港中文大學與北京大學宗教研究學術論文集》,香港:中華書局(香港)有限公司,2008。
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC BL21 .Z66 2005)



  • 《城市道教未來發展的策略 : 第三屆道教文化與管理暑期研修班道士學員論文集》(與游子安合編),香港:香港中文大學道教文化研究中心,2009。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL1925 .D35 2008)



  • 《香港中文大學宗教系》,Hong Kong : Dept. of Religion, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2002.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL1925 .D35 2007)



  • 《香港及華南道教研究》, 香港:中華書局,2005。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL1910 .X53 2005; CC BL1910 .X53 2005 c.2)



  • 《香港道堂科儀歷史與傳承》(與游子安及吳真合編),香港:中華書局,2007。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL1940.4 .X537 2007; CC Reserve 4 hours BL1940.4 .X537 2007 c.2)



  • 〈香港道教齋醮中的「祭幽」儀式與現代社會的意義關係〉,《道教教義與現代社會》,郭武編,上海:上海古籍出版社,2003,頁458-481。
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC Reserve 4 hours BL1920 .D358 2002)



  • 《當代道教弘揚路向的探索 : 第二屆道教文化與管理暑期研修班道士學員論文集》(與游子安合編),香港:香港中文大學道教文化研究中心,2008。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies BL1925 .D35 2007)



  • 《從東歐到香港 : 共產政權與基督敎會》(與陳佐才、余達心、胡露茜;執行編輯黎志添、胡露茜合編),香港:香港基督徒愛國民主運動,1990。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HX536 .T78; UL HK Studies HX536 .T78)


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