LAM Kin Che 林建枝

Research Projects


  • Are All Noises the Same? A Laboratory Simulation Experiment on Human Response to Road and Rail Traffic Noise
  • LAM Kin Che
    1 March 2002
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    In Hong Kong, the recent transport policy favours rail instead of road building resulting in the gradual extension of the rail network into New Town and relatively quiet rural areas. Past research in Western countries suggested that people are more tolerant to rail noise than to road traffic noise of the same intensity, although the reasons for this discrepancy were not well known. This long-held notion has recently been challenged by a study of human response to rail noise in Japan. Because there are a host of acoustical and non-acoustical factors which may affect human response, this study adopts a laboratory simulation approach which subjects the respondents to digitally recorded, mastered and mixed rail and road traffic noise of various intensity and frequency and with different background to elucidate the complex noise-human annoyance relationship. Findings of the simulation experiment will help narrow down the scale of any social survey needed to resolve the research problem. They may also have significant implications on the formulation of environmental standards and noise control policies. (SS01662)


  • Provision of Service for 1-Day Training on 3DEIA and Noise Mapping
  • LAI Pong Wai, LAM Kin Che, CHOI Kai Hang, FUNG Tung
    1 January 2005
    Environmental Protection Department, HKSAR Government

    Overall Objectives:
    - To provide training for HKSAR Government officers on GIS and applications for 3D Environmental Impact Assessment and Noise Mapping. The Department of Geography and Resource Management of CUHK has been working together with the Environmental Protection Department of HKSAR Government on research in the development and applications of Noise Mapping Techniques for Environmental Assessment in Hong Kong. This training programme is part of the development programme being implemented within the HKSAR Government for understanding and uses of GIS and its application on 3D EIA and Noise Mapping techniques.
    Deliverables
    - Training Manual and supporting documents
    - Five one-day training sessions to be conducted at CUHK. (SS04876)


  • Provision of Training on Noise Mapping Techniques
  • LAI Pong Wai, LAM Kin Che, CHOI Kai Hang
    1 January 2005
    Environmental Protection Department, HKSAR Government

    Project Objectives
    Overall Objectives:
    - To provide training for HKSAR Government officers on Noise Mapping Techniques. The Department of Geography and Resource Management of CUHK has been working together with the Environmental Protection Department of HKSAR Government on research in the development and applications of Noise Mapping Techniques for Environmental Assessment in Hong Kong. This training programme is part of the development programme being implemented within the HKSAR Government for understanding and uses of the techniques.
    Deliverables
    - Four one-day training sessions to be conducted at CUHK. (SS04300)


  • Siting Locally Unwanted Land Uses: In Your Backyard or In Mine?
  • LAM Kin Che, FUNG Tung, LEE Wai Ying Joanna, LAI Pong Wai
    11 April 2006
    Public Policy Research Funding Scheme

    The siting of Locally Unwanted Land Uses (LULUs) is always a challenge because of many potential conflicts among stakeholders. Proponents often promote the need for them and their technical feasibility while opponents emphasize the associated economical, social and/or environmental risks. Pollution, environmental risks, reduction in property values and loss of amenity are the most common public concerns. Such conflicts are particularly severe in densely populated cities, such as Hong Kong, due to limited space. This research attempts develop a framework to elucidate the conflicts among key stakeholders, to analyze the cause of the problems and to propose solutions to resolve conflicts. The study will critically analyze contentious cases in Hong Kong, study how similar problems are resolved in other countries and identify strategies for conflict resolution, including public engagement and risk communication strategies. The findings will provide a framework for the authorities to manage public aspirations and reduce public resistance to the planning of LULUs. It can enhance certainty in project planning and hence save both time and cost. (SS05587)


  • Socio-economic Status and Inequalities in Exposure to Transportation Noise in Hong Kong
  • LAM Kin Che
    1 January 2007
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    This research examines the extent to which differences in exposure to transportation noise in urban Hong Kong is related to the socio-economic status of the inhabitants. Recent studies have shown that biases in environmental policies and regulatory processes, combined with discriminatory market forces, may lead to disproportionate exposures to environmental nuisances amongst certain population groups.
    The focus of this direct grant will attempt to ascertain if, and to what extent, environmental inequalities occur in urban Hong Kong with regard to transportation noise exposure. If such inequalities do exist in Hong Kong, the results will form the basis for the development of a larger RGC grant to investigate why such inequalities exist in Hong Kong. This proposed research will contribute to the understanding of environmental inequality in a compact city like Hong Kong. The findings will have significant bearing for environmental conflict resolution and policy making. (SS06992)


  • Soundscape of Quiet Areas in Urban Hong Kong
  • LAM Kin Che
    1 June 2008
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    Sound is a significant part of the urban living experience. While the urban soundscape is dominated by transportation noise, there are “quiet” areas where transportation noise levels are relatively low. These sounds, no matter whether they are of human, mechanical or natural origin, are integral parts of the sonic environment and are resources which can be used, managed to our benefit or misused to impair our quality of life. This study, the first of its kind in Hong Kong, attempts to identify, delineate and characterize the soundscape of the quiet areas in urban Hong Kong and explore how the users perceive and interact with the sonic environment. The quiet areas in dense cities are sonic refuges for urban dwellers which, if properly managed, can significantly enhance urban livability. The study will generate indispensable information for the conservation and enhancement of urban soundscapes and for the development of a CERG grant. (SS07489)


  • Strategy to Promote and Support Tourism in Tsuen Wan
  • LAM Kin Che
    1 October 2000
    Tsuen Wan District Council

    This study investigates the strength, weakness, opportunities and constraints of developing tourist industry in Tsuen Wan. The project will assess the tourist resources in the district, determines the preference of potential clients and proposes measures to manage these resources and promote tourism. (SS20008)


  • Understanding the Tunes of Nature - A Study of the Soundscape of Hong Kong Countryside
  • LAM Kin Che, MARAFA Lawal Mohammed, CHAU Kwai Cheong
    1 January 2006
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    Natural sounds are integral components of the countryside bestowing special meanings to the place and the people. Preservation and restoration of diminishing natural soundscapes has become the foremost challenge in the protection of our natural heritage. This is the first systematic study of the soundscape of Hong Kong.s countryside with the aim to increase our understanding of natural sounds as a resource. It attempts to answer the following questions: (1) How does soundscape contribute to the value of a landscape? (2) What do visitors prefer? (3) Are natural soundscapes in Hong Kong being undermined and threatened? Where and how? (4) How can the natural soundscapes be planned and managed?
    This research will select a number of countryside sonic types in the countryside of Hong Kong and characterize them through field acoustic measurements and .sound walks. by trained personnel, supplemented by in-depth interview with park visitors and controlled experiments in a virtual reality laboratory. The primary objective is to identify the key sound components that constitute a .good. soundscape, ascertain their acoustic profiles and unravel the special meanings attached to these sounds by visitors. Man-made sounds intruding into the countryside will be identified, categorized and assessed. Acoustic design and management guidelines that can enhance human satisfaction with the natural environment will be explored and formulated. (CU05629)


  • Unraveling Factors Affecting Annoyance Reactions to Rail Noise
  • LAM Kin Che, CHAN Tin Cheung (Dept of Psychology)
    1 October 2003
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    Transportation noise is a problem commonly found in many cities of the world and affecting an increasing number of people. In Hong Kong, the increase in the frequency of train services and extension of the rail network to previously less developed areas are likely to expose more and more people to rail noise resulting in greater annoyance. This project attempts to unravel the intricate relationships between rail noise and human annoyance, focusing on the acoustical and non-acoustical factors that are significant in Hong Kong. The relative significance of various factors will be determined by a combination of laboratory simulation experiments and social interviews. The findings will not only fill the current knowledge gaps in our understanding of noise-annoyance relationships, but also provide the basis for setting noise standards and formulating transportation strategies. (CU03248)



Research Publications


  • "The Adsorption and Desorption of Phosphate by Wetland Sediments in Hong Kong". (co-authored with LAI YUK FO) Paper Presented at the International Conference on Hydrological Sciences for Managing Water Resources in the Asian Developing World. Guangzhou, China, 2006.06.08.



  • An analysis of the regional winds affecting concentrations of total suspended particulates in Hong Kong. (co-authored with Cheng Shouquan) Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1997.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Oversize HC470.3 .X527 1997 v.12)



  • "Annoyance Response to Mixed Transportation Noise in Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Pak-kin, CHAN Tin-cheung, AU Wai-hong and HUI Wing-chi) Applied Acoustics no.70, Elsevier, 2008.05. pp.1-10.



  • "Challenges of Managing Nimbyism in Hong Kong". (co-authored with LEE Wai Ying Joanna, FUNG Tung and WOO Lai Yan) Paper presented in the International Conference on The Siting of Locally Unwanted Facilities: Challenges and Issues, organized by Centre for Environmental Policy and Resource Management, CUHK. Hong Kong, 2007.12.12.



  • "Changes in the Acoustical Environment Arising from New Railway Extension: a case study of Hong Kong". (co-authored with AU Wai Hong and HUI Wing Chi) Paper presented in the 2005 International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, organized by International Institute of Noise Control Engineering. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2005.08.



  • "Characteristics of and Human Preference for the Countryside Soundscapes of Hong Kong". (co-authored with KEUNG M. Y., CHAU Kwai Cheong and MARAFA Lawal Mohammed) Paper presented in the INTER-NOISE 2006 Conference. Hawai, Honolulu, 2006.12.03.



  • "Characterizing Natural Soundscapes and Understanding Human Response to Human-caused Noise in a Hong Kong Country Park". (co-authored with CHAU Kwai Cheong and CHAN Pak Kin) 153rd Meeting of Acoustical Society of America USA, 2007.06. pp.1-11.



  • "Characterizing Natural Soundscapes and Understanding Human Response to Human-caused Noise in a Hong Kong Country Park". (co-authored with CHAU Kwai Cheong, MARAFA Lawal Mohammed and CHAN Pak Kin) Paper presented in the 153rd Meeting Acoustical Society of America. Salt Lake City, Utah, 2007.12.27.



  • The chemical quality and use of well water in the New Territories. Hong Kong: Dept. of Geography and Geographical Research Centre,Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1983.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL TD426.L35; UL HK Studies TD426.L35)



  • Climatic impact on air pollution concentration in Hong Kong. (co-authored with Shouquan Cheng) Hong Kong : Dept. of Geography, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1997.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Oversize G1 .O228 no.137; UL HK Studies G1 .O228 no.137 c.2)



  • Differences in stream water quality in relation to catchment vegetation in Tai Lam Chung, Hong Kong. Hong Kong : Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries, 1980.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Gov Document TD302.H6 L35)



  • Environmental management in developing countries : some lessons from China and Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Dept. of Geography,Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1983.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HC430.E5L35; UL HK Studies HC430.E5L35)



  • "Environmental Quality of Urban Parks and Open Spaces in Hong Kong". (co-authored with NG Sai Leung, HUI Wing Chi and CHAN Pak Kin) Environment Monitoring and Assessment vol.111, Springer, 2005. pp.55-73.



  • "Heavy Metal Contents and Magnetic Properties of Playground Dust in Hong Kong". (co-authored with NG Sai Leung, CHAN Lung Sang and CHAN Wing Kan) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment vol.89. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003. pp.221-232.



  • "Home Sweet Home? A Case Study of Household Dust Contamination in Hong Kong". (co-authored with TONG Susanna T.Y.) The Science of the Total Environment vol.256, UK: Elsevier Science, 2000. pp.115-123.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical W1 .S365 v.256-258, 2000; Available Online)



  • "Hong Kong". (co-authored with AU Elvis) Strategic Environmental Assessment and Land Use Planning: An International Evaluation ed. by Carys Jones, Mark Baker, Jeremy Carter, Stephen Jay, Michael Short and Christopher Wood. London, United Kingdom: Earthscan, 2005. pp.97-114.
    (CUHK Library Call No: Available Online)



  • "Human Annoyance Response to a Step Change in Noise Exposure Following Opening of a New Railway Extension in Hong Kong". (co-authored with AU Wai-hong) Paper presented in the 9th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ICBEN) 2008, 8 pgs. 2008.



  • "Human Response to a Step Change in Noise Exposure Following the Opening of a New Railway Extension in Hong Kong". (co-authored with AU Wai-hong) ACTA ACUSTICA UNITED WITH ACUSTICA vol.94, 2008. pp.553-562.



  • Human response to traffic noise in Hong Kong. S.l. : s.n., 1988.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HKS Pamphlet Z691.L256 H852 1988)



  • "Long-Term Temporal-Spatial Dynamics of Marine Coastal Water Quality in the Tolo Habor, Hong Kong, China". (co-authored with XU Fu-liu, DAWSON R. W., TAO Shu and CHEN Yongqin David) Journal of Environmental Sciences vol.16 no.1, Beijing, China: IOS Press, 2004. pp.161-166.



  • "Marine Coastal Ecosystem Health Assessment: A Case Study of the Tolo Harbour, Hong Kong, China". (co-authored with XU F. L., ZHAO Z. Y., ZHAN W., CHEN Yongqin David and TAO S.) Ecological Modelling vol.173. Elsevier B.V., 2004. pp.355-370.
    (CUHK Library Call No: Available Online)



  • "Multifractal Characterization of Hong Kong Air Quality Data". (co-authored with ANH V. V.; LEUNG Yee and YU Z. G.) Environmetrics vol.16 no.1, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2005.02. pp.1-12.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical GE45.S73 E58 v.16, 2005; Available Online)



  • Parks, people and the environment : a study of the environmental quality and visitor behavior in parks and open spaces in Hong Kong. Hong Kong : Centre for Environmental Policy and Resource Management, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2004.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies SB484.H6 P37 2004)



  • "Phosphorus Retention and Release by Sediments in the Eutrophic Mai Po Marshes, Hong Kong". (co-authored with LAI Yuk-fo Derrick) Marine Pollution Bulletin no.57, pp.349-356. 2008.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical GC1080.M35 v.56, no.1-6, 2008; Available Online)



  • "Phosphorus Sorption Characteristics of Sediments in a Constructed Wetland in Hong Kong". (co-authored with LAI YUK FO) Paper presented in the International Symposium on Wetland Pollutant Dynamics and Control (WETPOL), organized by Ghent University, University of Antwerp, and Belgian Federal Science Policy Office, Ghent, Belgium, 2005.09.04. p.89-90.



  • "Respiratory Suspended Particulate (RSP) Concentration and its Implications to Roadside Workers: A Case Study of Hong Kong". (co-authored with NG Sai Leung) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment vol.72, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. pp.235-247.



  • "Restoration of Marine Coastal Ecosystem Health as a New Goal for Integrated Catchment Management in Tolo Harbor, Hong Kong, China". (co-authored with XU Fu-liu, HAO Jun-yi, TAO Shu, DAWSON Richard W. and CHEN Yongqin David) Environmental Management vol.37 no.4, Springer Science Business Media, Inc., 2006.02.06. pp.540-552.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical TD1 .E48 v.37, 2006)



  • Some aspects of fluvial erosion in three small catchments, New Territories, Hong Kong. Hong Kong : University of Hong Kong, 1974.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL QE581.L3)



  • "Soundscape of Urban Parks in Hong Kong". (co-authored with WONG CHUN YIN and HUI Wing Chi) Paper presented in the internoise2004, organized by Czech Acoustical Society and the International Institute of Noise Control Engineering. Prague, Czech Republic, 2004.08.22.



  • Stream pollution in the Shatin Valley. S.l. : Dept. of Geography and Geographical Research Centre, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1980.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL TD425.L36; UL HK Studies TD425.L36)



  • Traffic and industrial noise problems in Tsuen Wan for Tsuen Wan District Board : (full report). Hong Kong: Tsuen Wan Provisional District Board, 1997.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Gov Document TD893.6.T7 T7 1997; UL Oversize TD893.6.T7 T7 1997 c.2)



  • "Understanding the Temporal Variation of Countryside Soundscape of Hong Kong". (co-authored with LI P. L., MARAFA Lawal Mohammed, SO W. W. and LEE K. C.) Paper presented in the 36th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering, Internoise 2007. Turkey, Istanbul, 2007.08.



  • Using an automated synoptic climatological approach to forecast air pollution concentrations in Hong Kong. Hong Kong : Dept. of Geography, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1997.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Oversize G1 .O228 no.136; UL HK Studies G1 .O228 no.136 c.2)



  • 《污水排放策略 : 我們的冀求與承擔》,香港:香港中文大學香港亞太硏究所,2000。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H62 no.105 c.2; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6 H62 no.105)



  • <香港河流沉積物中有機碳對銅的吸附特性> (與劉長發、盧曉霞及陶澍合編),《環境化學》,第19卷,第4期,北京:中國科學院2000.07.,頁335-340。



  • 《荃灣區旅遊發展與推廣策略》(與荃灣區議會工商業委員會、香港中文大學環境政策及資源管理硏究中心顧問硏究合編),香港:荃灣區議會工商業委員會:香港中文大學環境政策及資源管理硏究中心,2001。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Gov Document G155.H6 L35 2001)





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