NG Wai Ming 吳偉明

Research Projects


  • Hong Kong-Japan Interactions and Collaborations in the ACG (Animation-Comic-Game) Industry: A Historical and Cultural Analysis
  • NG Wai Ming
    1 September 2005
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This proposed research project will be a pioneering, original and timely study of the interactions and collaborations between Hong Kong and Japan in producing, marketing and consuming their ACG (animation-comic-game) products from historical, cultural and comparative perspectives. Japan is a global superpower in the creative industry and in particular its ACG products have been overwhelmingly received in Asia. Hong Kong, a major consumption and distribution center of Japanese AGC products in Asia, is used as a case study to examine the globalization and localization of Japanese ACG in an East Asian context and their implications for Hong Kong to develop its creative industry. By outlining the history of Japanese ACG in Hong Kong from the late 1960s to the present and discussing the process of how Hong Kong artists and businessmen use Japan as the main reference to develop comics, animated series and video games in Hong Kong, this study identifies the important trend that Hong Kong is transforming itself from a consumer and distributor to a partner of Japanese ACG. In recent years, Japan and Hong Kong are interacting and collaborating with each other to develop ACG products for the Asian market. This study aims to deepen understanding of issues in transnational cultural flows, localization and hybridization in the age of cultural globalization. (CU05680)


  • Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Entertainment Industry: A Historical and Ethnographic Survey
  • NG Wai Ming
    2 September 2002
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This proposed project is intended as a pioneering study of Japanese elements in Hong Kong entertainment from historical and ethnographic perspectives. The global popularization of Japanese popular culture has reshaped the world’s cultural landscape. In Asia, Japanese popular culture has become the only force that is strong enough to challenge the hegemony of American popular culture. Hong Kong, a major consumption and distribution center of Japanese popular culture in Asia, is used as a case study to examine the globalization and localization of Japanese popular culture in an East Asian context. Our scope of investigation is narrowed down to the three most important forms of audio-visual entertainment, namely television dramas, popular music and movies. It looks into the reception of Japanese television dramas, popular music and movies in Hong Kong from the 1970s to the present and analyzes the process of how Japanese elements are incorporated into Hong Kong entertainment industry.
    This study will have important implications for a new understanding of the rise of Japanese popular culture in Hong Kong (and Asia as well). Most existing studies focus on cultural and psychological factors behind the Japanese popular craze in Hong Kong and the impact of Japanese popular culture on the consumption and mindset of the Hong Kong people. This proposed project aims to demonstrate that it would be simplistic to see the current Japanese popular culture craze in Hong Kong as a one-way cultural flow. Hong Kong is indeed an active player in the transnational cultural interchange between Japan and Hong Kong. Hong Kong entertainment industry has been creatively and selectively incorporating and domesticating Japanese elements to enhance its artistic value and commercial appeal. (CU02002)



Research Publications


  • "History of Japanese Pornographic Films in Hong Kong and Their Impact on Hong Kong Category 3 Films". How East Asian Films are Reshaping National Indentities ed. by Andrew Jackson. New York, United States of America: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2006. pp.211-220.



  • "Hong Kong Young People and Cultural Pilgrimage to Japan: The Role of Japanese Popular Culture in Asian Tourism". Asian Tourism: Growth and Change ed. by Janet Cochrane. United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2008. pp.183-192.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Reserve 2 hours G155.A74 A85 2008)



  • "Imagining and Consuming Japanese Food in Hong Kong, SAR, China: A Study of Culinary Domestication and Hybridization". Asian Profile vol.34 no.4, Canada: Asian Research Service, 2006.08. pp.299-308.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical DS1.A4746 v.34, 2006)



  • "The Impact of Japanese Comics in Hong Kong". Tokyo International Anime Fair 21 Tokyo: Tokyo International Anime Fair 21 Committee, 2002.02.15.



  • "The Interaction Among Japanese, American and Hong Kong Popular Culture in Singapore". Knowing Singapore in 60 Chapters Japan: Akashi Shoten, 2001.10. pp.57-61.



  • "Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Comics: History, Art, and Industry". International Journal of Comic Art vol.5 no.2, 2003. pp.184-193.



  • "Japanese Elements in Hong Kong Erotic Films, (Spring 2004)" Asian Cinema vol.15 no.1, United States of America: Asian Cinema Studies Society, 2004. pp.217-224.



  • "Street Fighter and The King of Fighters in Hong Kong: A Study of Cultural Consumption and Localization of Japanese Games in an Asian Context". Game Studies: International Journal of Computer Game Research vol.6 no.1, Denmark: Board of Game Studies, 2006.12. pp.1-14.



  • "When Sadako Meets Mr. Vampire: The Impact of Ringu on Hong Kong Ghost Films". Asian Cinema Spring/Summer. Vol.19 No.1. United States of America: Asian Cinema Studies Society, 2008. pp.143-156.



  • <日本流行文化在香港的本地化現象原因初探>,《日本文化在香港》,李培德編,中國香港:香港大學,2006,頁175-188。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS796.H75 R53 2002 c.2; UL HK Studies DS796.H75 R53 2002)



  • <日本漫畫對香港漫畫界及流行文化的影響>,《二十一世紀雙月刊》,第72卷,香港特別行政區,2002.08,頁105-112。



  • "日本漫画的要素の現地化---香港のマンガとポピュラーカルチャー". Osaka University, The 21th Century COE Program, 2006 ed. by Ito Mimio. インメージとしての日本 ed. Osaka, Japan: Osaka University, The 21th Century COE Program, 2006, 2006.01.31. pp.33-41.



  • <香港的日本電視劇:歷史與影響>,《亞洲文化》,第29卷,中國香港,2005.06,頁182-199。


* Name of external researcher
# Name of staff who has left the University