SO York Kee Clement 蘇鑰機

Research Projects


  • Changing News Ecology in Hong Kong: The Impact of the Free Daily Newspapers
  • SO York Kee Clement
    1 May 2006
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    This study will examine the changing journalistic paradigm of the Hong Kong news media. The aim of the study will be to investigate the interactions between the Hong Kong press and the larger socio-political environment. The journalistic paradigm has been in flux after the handover in 1997. The arrival of the .free dailies. in 2002 and 2005 definitely has an impact on the news ecology. The specific research questions include the following: (1) What is the current journalistic paradigm in comparison with the one before the handover? (2) To what extent will the free dailies affect the roles and functions of the press? (3) How will individual news organizations of different shades react to new political and market situations? (SS05420)


  • The Changing News Landscape in Hong Kong: A Techno-Economic Perspective
  • SO York Kee Clement
    1 March 2001
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants) Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This project examines the landscape of the Hong Kong press under the new "techno-economic" environment, analyzes the dynamics of the news industry, and evaluates its performance as judged by the public and journalists. The landscape of the Hong Kong press constantly changes in response to social situation. Following 1997, the concern over decline of press freedom has subsided, but rising market competition has ignited sensational reporting and unethical conducts. Recently rapid advance in communication technologies has led to a major revolution in the news industry. These changes have in turn affected the performance of the press which often leads to widespread public concern and dissatisfaction. The proposed study will contribute to the theoretical understanding of the changing relationship between the press and society, and it also has major policy implications regarding the monitoring of the press in the new information age. The study will employ several research methods, including content analysis of media products, survey of journalists and the public as well as interview of journalists, to accomplish the specified tasks. (SS01320)


  • Free Daily Newspapers as Journalistic Paradigm Change
  • SO York Kee Clement
    1 January 2008
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    This study will examine the rise and impact of free daily newspapers in Hong Kong. We will examine this epochal change to try to understand why this relatively new form of newspaper has been so successful and so enthusiastically embraced by the public.
    One major research question will be to examine how do the free dailies affect traditional paid dailies and the online news media. The emergence of the free dailies will inevitably take away some readers from paid newspapers, attract certain nonreaders, or encourage readers to consume both. It is important for the newspaper industry to know which of these three effects is the more prominent and permanent. In terms of advertising revenue, the free dailies may gain at the expense of the paid dailies, or they may expand the advertising pie as a whole. This is a matter of life and death for the newspaper industry, and is thus worth exploring.
    The proposed study will shed light on the changing news ecology, emerging business models, and market competition among the free dailies, and between free dailies, the paid dailies and the online news media. It will have implications for the role of the press in society. (CU07505)



Research Publications


  • "Characteristics and Impact of Hong Kong Free Newspapers". Paper presented in the Conference Proceedings of the 10th Cross-Strait, organized by Hong Kong and Macau Journalism Symposium (in Chinese), Taipei, 2007.11.28. p.65-79.



  • "To Cheer for the Family: The Construction of Chinese Nationalism During the Hong Kong Handover." (co-authored with PAN Zhongdang, LEE Chin-chuan and CHAN Joseph Man ). Cultural Studies in China ed. by Tao Dongfang and Jin Yuanpu . China (Reprint): Renmin University, 2005. pp.40-68.



  • Dialectic of journalistic attitude : a study of Hong Kong press' treatment of government news. Hong Kong : Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1982.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Thesis PN5449 .H6S6)



  • "Dialectic of journalistic orientation: A study of the treatment of government news by the Hong Kong press". Press and politics in Hong Kong: Case studies from 1967 to 1997 ed. by Clement Y. K. So & Joseph M. Chan. Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute for Asia-Pacific St, 1999. pp.95-136.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN5369.H72 P74 1999; UL HK Studies PN5369.H72 P74 1999 c.2; NA General Education PN5369.H72 P74 1999 c.4)



  • "Different Contents and Styles of Hong Kong Free Newspapers" (co-authored with CHOI Chi Hau). Media Digest 2006.01. pp.4-6.



  • "Evaluations of Media and Understanding of Politics: The Role of Education among Hong Kong Citizens." (co-authored with LEE Francis and CHAN Joseph Man). Asian Journal of Communication vol.15 no.1, U.K., 2005. pp.37-56.



  • "Global Media for Local Use: The Development of Webcasting in Hong Kong" (co-authored with LEE Alice Y. L.). Media Asia vol.32 no.4, 2005. pp.226-233.



  • Global media spectacle: News war over Hong Kong. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.(co-authored with LEE Chin Chuan, CHAN Joseph Man, PAN Zhongdang) 2002.



  • "Hong Kong Apple Daily: Its Style and Impact. In World Association of Newspapers (WAN)". Shaping the Future of the Newspaper: Analysing Strategic Developments and Opportunities in the Press Industry vol.6 no.1, 2006. pp.35-37.



  • "Hong Kong: The Crown Jewel of Broadband for China with the Second Highest Broadband Penetration in the World" (co-authored with LEE Alice Y. L.). Webcasting Worldwide: Business Models of an Emerging Global Medium Louisa S. Ha and Richard J. Ganahl III 2007. pp.279-296.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL TK5105.887 .W42 2007)



  • "Hong Kong: The Crown Jewel of Broadband for China" (co-authored with LEE Y. L. Alice). Paper presented in the 56th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association. Dresden, Germany, 2006.06.



  • Mass media and youth in Hong Kong : a study of media use, youth archetype and media influence. (co-authored with Joseph Man Chan) Hong Kong : Govt. Printer, 1992.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Gov Document HQ799.2.M35 S6 1992 c.2; UL Oversize HQ799.2.M35 S6 1992)



  • "Orchestrating the Family-Nation Chorus: Chinese Media and Nationalism in the Hong Kong Handover" (co-authored with PAN Zhongdang, LEE Chin-Chuan and CHAN Man Joseph). Mass Communication & Society vol.4 no.1, 2001. pp.331-347.



  • "Overview of the Hong Kong Press in 2006". 2006 China Newspaper Industry Year Book In Jian Wu Sung (Ed.). Beijing, China, 2007. pp.123-125.



  • "Politics of Objective Journalism in Post-handover Hong Kong" (co-authored with LEE Francis and CHAN Joseph Man). Paper presented in the International Communication Association Annual Convention, Louisiana, U.S.A., 2004.05.25.



  • "Pre-1997 Hong Kong press: Cut-throat competition and the changing journalistic paradigm". The other Hong Kong report 1996 ed. by Mee Kau Nyaw & Si Ming Li . Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 1996. pp.485-505.



  • Press and politics in Hong Kong : case studies from 1967-1997. (co-authored with Joseph Man Chan) Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1999.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN5369.H72 P74 1999; UL HK Studies PN5369.H72 P74 1999 c.2; NA General Education PN5369.H72 P74 1999 c.4)



  • "Professionalism, Politics and Market Force: Survey Studies of Hong Kong Journalists 1996-2006" (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man). Asian Journal of Communication United Kingdom, 2007. p.148-158. br /> (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical P87 .A67)



  • "Professionalism, Press Freedom and Market Force: Stability and Change of the Hong Kong Press after the Handover". Communication and Society (in Chinese). no.3, 2007. pp.53-71.



  • "Research on Press and Politics in Hong Kong: An Overview" (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man). Press and Politics in Hong Kong Case: from 1967 to 1997 ed. by Clement So and Joseph Chan. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1999.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN5369.H72 P74 1999; UL HK Studies PN5369.H72 P74 1999 c.2; NA General Education PN5369.H72 P74 1999 c.4)



  • When News Has No Reliable Source: Analysis of the Cop Killing Case in Hong Kong. The Chinese Communication Society Annual Conference. Taipei, 2006.07.



  • "When Public Opinions Collide: Case Study of the Political Reform Package in Hong Kong". Cross Boundaries: Global Communication in the New Media Age Conference. Taipei, National Chengchi University, 2006.07.



  • World Media Spectacle: International Coverage of the Hong Kong Handover. (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man, LEE Chin Chuan and PAN Zhongdang). Monograph presented to the International Communication Association Annual Convention. Jerusalem, Israel: International Communication Association, 1998.



  • 《香港公營廣播的未來走向》(與王家英,合編),香港:香港中文大學香港亞太研究所,2007。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HE8689.9.H6 X536 2007 c.2; UL HK Studies HE8689.9.H6 X536 2007)



  • 《電視節目欣賞指數:香港經驗》(與鍾庭耀合編),香港:電視節目欣賞指數調查顧問團,2001。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HE8700.9.H6 D53 2001; UL HK Studies HE8700.9.H6 D53 2001 c.6)


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