LEE Lap Fung 李立峯

Research Projects


  • Vocal Minorities and Silent Majorities: Citizen Perceptions and Media Representations of Public Opinion in Hong Kong
  • CHAN Joseph Man, LEE Francis*
    16 November 2003
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    It is now widely accepted that the anti-government rally on July 1st, 2003, has changed the political landscape in Hong Kong. Among other things that it may have symbolized, the July 1st rally and its aftermath have demonstrated the power of “public opinion” in Hong Kong. However, given the fact that the Hong Kong government is not a fully democratic one, how could “public opinion” be effective in forcing the government to respond? This project is an attempt to understand the power and limitations of public opinions in Hong Kong through a conceptual focus on the notions of “vocal minorities” and “silent majorities”. The specific research questions that we ask in this project are: 1) Do the opinions of the silent majorities match those of the vocal minorities as represented in the news media on various political and social issues? 2) To what extent are citizens’ perceptions of public opinions influenced by the vocal minorities? 3) How do media representations of public opinions affect citizens’ perceptions of pubic opinion and their own individual opinions? 4) How do citizens’ perceptions of public opinions relate to their individual opinions on social issues? (SS03622)



Research Publications


  • Activating informed participation : an assessment of media effects on voter turnout in the 1998 Hong Kong Legislative Council Election.1999.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Thesis JQ1539.5.A9561 1998 L43 1999)



  • Education and principle-based opinion : a study of the right of abode controversy in Hong Kong. (co-authored with Joseph Man Chan and Kenneth K.L. Chau) Occasional paper ; no. 111. Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2000.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H62 no.111; UL Thesis H62.5.H6 H62 no.111 c.3)



  • "Energized Public Opinion and Political Parallelism: A Case Study of the July 1 2003 Rally in Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Paper presented in the Politics of Culture in Hong Kong, School of Journalism and Communication, organized by The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 20 pgs. 2005.



  • "Evaluations of Media and Understanding of Politics: The Role of Education among Hong Kong Citizens.". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man and SO York Kee Clement) Asian Journal of Communication vol.15 no.1, U.K., 2005. pp.37-56.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical P87 .A67)



  • "Making Sense of Participation: The Political Culture of the Pro-Democracy Demonstrations in Hong Kong.". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) The China Quarterly 193:84-101. 2008.



  • "Making Sense of Political Transition: Political Communication Research in Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Political Communication in Asia ed. by Lars Willnat and Annette Aw. New Jersey, 2008.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL JA85.2.A78 P65 2009)



  • "Media and Large-Scale Demonstrations: The Pro-democracy Movement in Post-handover Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Asian Journal of Communication United Kingdom, 2007. p.215-228.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical P87 .A67)



  • "Media and Politics in Hong Kong: A Decade After the Handover". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) China Perspectives vol.2007 no.2, 2007. pp.49-57.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical DS779.15 .P47 2007)



  • Media and Politics in Post-handover Hong Kong (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) London, United Kingdom: Routledge, 2007.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL PN5449.H6 M43 2008 c.2; UL HK Studies PN5449.H6 M43 2008)



  • "Media and Politics in Post-handover Hong Kong: An Introduction". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Asian Journal of Communication United Kingdom: Asian Journal of Communication, 2007. p.127-133.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical P87 .A67)



  • Mobilization and protest participation in post-handover Hong Kong : a study of three large-scale demonstrations. (co-authored with Joseph Man Chan) Occasional paper ; no. 159. Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, 2005.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H62 no.159 c.2; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6 H62 no.159)



  • "Mobilizing Social Capital: Internet’s Role in a Historic Rally in Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man and CHUNG Robert) Paper presented in the International Communication Association Annua lConvention, Louisiana, U.S.A., 2004.05.24.



  • "Political Attitudes, Political Participation, and Hong Kong Identities After 1997.". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Issues & Studies vol.41 no.2, Taiwan: National Chengchi University, 2005. pp.1-35.



  • "Political Opportunities, Social Mobilization and Collective Actions: The Re-invigorated Pro-democracy Movement in Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) China Review vol.7 no.2, 2007. pp.93-122.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS779.2 .C56)



  • "Politics of Objective Journalism in Post-handover Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man and SO York Kee Clement) Paper presented in the International Communication Association Annual Convention, Louisiana, U.S.A., 2004.05.25.



  • "The Primacy of Local Interest and Press Freedom: A Survey Study of Hong Kong Journalists". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Paper presented in the International Communication Association. Canada, 2008.05.



  • "Professionalism, Political Orientation and Perceived Self-censorship: A Survey Study of Hong Kong Journalists". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Paper presented in the International Communication Association, Montreal, Canada. 2008.05.21.



  • "Professionalism, Political Orientation, and Perceived Self-Censorship :A Survey Study of Hong Kong Journalists". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Issues & Studies 44(1), 205-238. 2008.



  • "The Role of Mass Media in the Formation of a Rally-based Pro-democracy Movement in Hong Kong". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) Media Asia pp.33-46. 2007.



  • Strategic responses to political changes : an analysis of newspaper editorials in Hong Kong, 1998-2006.Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2009.



  • Taking both sides into consideration : ambivalence in public opinion on political reform in Hong Kong. (co-authored with Joseph Man Chan) Occasional paper ; no. 186. Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2007.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies H62.5.H6 H62 no.186)



  • "Who Can Mobilize Hong Kong People to Protest? A Survey-based Study of Three Large-Scale Rallies". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) M.E. Sharpe ed. by Sing Ming. U.S.A.: Boulder Co., USA, 2007.



  • "Who Can Mobilize Hong Kong People to Protest? A Survey-Based Study of Three Large-Scale Rallies". (co-authored with CHAN Joseph Man) 14th Annual Convention of Asian Mass Communication Research and Information Center Asian Mass Communication Research and Information Center, 30. Beijing, China, 2005.07.18.



  • 《宗敎槪论》(與米寿江及章凝合著),北京:人民出版社,2003。
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC BL48 .Z65 2003)


* Name of external researcher
# Name of staff who has left the University