BRAINE George Stanley

Research Projects


  • The Acquisition of Academic Literacy by Postgraduate Students from Mainland China
  • BRAINE George Stanley, SENGUPTA Sima*
    1 September 2001
    Research Grants Council (Earmarked Grants)

    In recent years, Hong Kong universities have begun to attract increasing numbers of research postgraduate students from Mainland China. These students, who have completed all their schooling in their mother tongue in China, are thrust into an environment that requires the intensive use of English. The challenges faced by these non-native speakers of English can therefore be daunting. Nevertheless, we have hardly any knowledge of the process through which these students acquire academic literacy in the English language, Research on postgraduate students who are non-native speakers of English has, for the most part, been conducted in the USA. In addition, hardly any longitudinal case studies based on data from multiple sources have been conducted. To our knowledge, no study has been conducted in Hong Kong. This project aims to study how research postgraduate students from China acquire academic literacy in Hong Kong. Through in-depth case studies based on data from multiple sources such as the students, their teachers, supervisors, lectures, seminars, and texts, the project will examine how the students adapt to and function within the academic environments in their chosen disciplines and academic institutions. (AL01265)


  • The Establishment of a Writing across the Curriculum (WAC) Program at The Chinese University of Hong Kong, the City University of Hong Kong, and the Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • BRAINE George Stanley, MCNAUGHT Carmel Marie (Centre for Learning Enhancement And Research), RADWANSKA-WILLIAMS Joanna, SENGUPTA Sima*, HYLAND Ken (CityU)*
    1 September 2002
    UGC Teaching Development Grants

    Writing across the curriculum (WAC) programs aim to improve the English proficiency and thinking and reasoning skills of students by encouraging teachers of all disciplines to give writing assignments more often and more thoughtfully in their courses. A WAC program is needed at Hong Kong universities for English language enhancement because the short 3-year degree plan leaves most students with little opportunity to take writing courses offered by English Departments and English centers. By incorporating writing into courses in their majors, students will enhance their English proficiency while improving their thinking and reasoning skills. Interdisciplinary cooperation will occur and teachers across the disciplines will further benefit through the creation of a community of scholars committed to the improvement of teaching and leaning. The programs could serve as models for other universities in Hong Kong. The proposal describes the programs’ objectives and impact on the universities and details of how the program will be implemented, how it will be evaluated, and what follow-up action will be taken. (AL02699)



Research Publications


  • "University Students’ Attitude towards Native and Non-native English Teachers in Hong Kong." (co-authored with Cheung Paulina) Paper presented in the 2nd International Knowlege & Discourse Conference, organized by The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, June 2002.



  • "The Attitudes of University Students towards Non-native Speakers English Teachers in Hong Kong." (co-authored with Cheung Yin Ling) Regional Language Centre Journal (RELC) (Singapore: SAGE Publications) vol.38 no.3 (Dec 2007), pp.257-277



  • "From a Teacher-Centered to a Student-Centered Approach: A Study of Peer Feedback in Hong Kong Writing Classes." Journal of Asian Pacific Communication (USA: John Benjamins Publishing Company) vol.13 no.2 (2003), pp.269-288
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical P87 .J58 no.13, 2003; Also Available Online)



  • "Implementing Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) in Hong Kong." In Negotiating Empowerment: Studies in English Language Education, ed. by Premakumari Dheram. pp.145-158. India: Orient Longman Private Limited, 2008.



  • "Implementing Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) in Hong Kong." Paper presented in the Effective (English) Language Management in SAARC Countries, organized by Indo-American Centre for International Studies (IACIS), Hyderabad, India, Oct 2004



  • "Plenary: Teaching Academic Writing in Hong Kong: Opportunities & Challenges." The 12th IALS Symposium for Language Teacher Educators: Teaching Languages for Academic Purposes, United Kingdom, Nov 2006



  • "Promoting Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) in Hong Kong." Symposium on Second Language Writing: Second Language Writing in the Pacific Rim, Nagoya Gakuin University, Nagoya, Japan. Sep 2007



  • "Teaching Academic Writing in Hong Kong: Opportunities & Challenges." In Educating Legal English Specialists and Teacher Education in Teaching EAP CD-ROM, edited by Tony Lynch and Jill Northcott. United Kingdom: Institute for Applied Language Studies, University of Edinburgh, 2007.



  • "The Challenge of Academic Publishing: A Hong Kong Perspective." TESOL Quarterly (USA: TESOL (Teachers to Speakers of Other Languages) vol.39 no.4 (Dec 2005), p.707-716
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC Periodical PE1128 .T4 v.39, 2005; Also Available Online)



  • "Writing Across the Curriculum in Hong Kong." TESOL 2007 - Spanning the Globe Tides of Change USA, March 2003



  • "Implementing Writing Across the Curriculum, (WAC) in Hong Kong." (co-authored with Mcnaught Carmel and Radwanska-Williams Joanna) Paper presented in the 39th RELC International Seminar: Innovative Approaches to Reading & Writing Instruction, organized by SEAMEO Regional Language Centre, Singapore, April 2004



  • "Academic Publishing in Hong Kong: Challenges to NNS." NNEST Newsletter (USA) vol.3 no.1 (Jan 2001), pp.1, 5-6



  • "Expatriate & 'Straitjacket' Scholars: Behind Academic Publishing in Hong Kong." Paper presented in the International Conference on Globalization, Culture and English Language Education in China and Hong Kong (SAR), organized by Department of English, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, March 2001



  • "Overcoming Barriers to Academic Publication: Hong Kong's Success Story." Paper presented in the Symposium on Second Language Writing on "Contexts of L2 Writing", organized by Purdue University, USA. Indiana, USA, Sep 2000


* Name of external researcher
# Name of staff who has left the University