BOND Michael Harris

Research Projects


  • Achievement Failures and Self-Regulation Processes among Chinese University Students in Hong Kong
  • BOND Michael Harris, Hui Chin-Ming*
    15 November 2004
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    In this study, achievement failures and self-improvement strategies of Chinese university students were explored through both survey and experimental methods. The content of achievement failures found in the study was used to shed light on structure and dimensions of failures confronted by university students in Hong Kong. The influences of individuals’ social beliefs, values, self-esteem and attribution on the type of self-regulation strategies used in the process of achievement pursuit and the outcome of the pursuit were also investigated in this study. A goal-directed motivational system model was built to illustrate and explain the relationships between the psychological constructs mentioned above. (SS04813)


  • The Integration of Bicultural Orientations in Hong Kong
  • BOND Michael Harris, CHEN Xiao Hua Sylvia
    15 March 2005
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    Research on bicultural identities and orientations has received growing attention. Yet, bicultural identities have often been associated with negative psychological outcomes, mostly arising from identity conflict or identity diffusion involving the two intersecting cultures. Recently, Benet-Martinez et al. (2002) have proposed the theoretical construct of bicultural identity integration (BII) to tap individual variations in the experience of this acculturation process. The present investigation is an attempt to adapt the BII framework to the Hong Kong Chinese context, where Chinese-English bilinguals are open to both Western and Asian influences despite being brought up in the same Chinese cultural setting. This research will be extended to include two under-investigated populations as well: new immigrants and domestic helpers. We aim to examine the integration of bicultural orientations and its association with language use, bicultural competence, acculturation attitudes and stress. We will also evaluate the impact of this bicultural integration process on respondents' self-esteem and life satisfaction. The distinctiveness of enculturation, which incorporates selected cultural elements, will further our understanding of the dynamics of cross-cultural integration. (SS04886)


  • Negotiating Survival: A Study of Hong Kong, Guangzhou, and U.S. Students' Negotiation and Dispute
  • BOND Michael Harris, TARDIF Twila
    1 November 2000
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    The proposed study intends to examine the disputing and negotiating behaviors engaged in by strangers when they are asked to come up with a consensus in two Chinese cultures (Hong Kong and Guangzhou) and one Western culture (U.S.A.). Negotiating disagreement is a critical social skill for individuals in all cultures, particularly when that negotiation occurs in a group setting. There are suggestions from previous research that Chinese persons will be more conflict-avoidant than Americans as will women be with respect to men. These conclusions may be premature, however, since the specific ways in which Chinese and women negotiate may simply be different, leading to presumptions that they are more conflict-avoidant. This research attempts to document the various ways in which people may agree or disagree as well as support or undercut one another during negotiations, so as to more fully understand the full range of responses by which different groups communicate to achieve consensus. These differences in style may lead to important misperceptions if they are interpreted by members of another group, and this research will enable questions about cross-cultural misunderstanding to be addressed also. The inclusion of two Cantonese samples will enable us to understand if the socialpolitical differences between Hong Kong and Guangzhou have resulted in different negotiation styles, despite their linguistic and familial similarities. (SS00736)


  • Personal Goals and Self-regulation Processes among Chinese University Students in Hong Kong
  • BOND Michael Harris
    1 December 2003
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    In this study, personal goals and self-regulation strategies of Chinese university students were explored through both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The content of personal goals found in the study was used to shed light on the structure and dimensions of goals pursued by university students in Hong Kong. The influences of individuals’ social beliefs, values, degree of “goal-mindedness” on the type of self-regulation strategies used in the process of goal attainment and the outcome of their goal pursuit were also investigated in the prospective short-term panel study in this research project. A goal-directed motivational system model was built to illustrate and explain the relationships between the above mentioned psychological constructs. (SS03939)


  • Personality in the Bilingual Context: Self-Perceptions and Perceptions by Others
  • BOND Michael Harris, CHEN Xiaohua Sylvia*
    1 January 2007
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    Personality has long been conceptualized as stable and consistent over time and across situations. However, numerous studies in social psychology have shown that social behavior of individuals varies considerably across different situations. This line of research demonstrates the importance of situation, the social environment that affects how people act. On the other hand, though language has been thought to affect thoughts, feelings, and actions which compose the personality construct, how language impacts on personality has rarely been explored. It is argued that language is associated with a history of usage, and using a second language accesses the cultural context of the groups using that language and in which it is applied, thus activating behavioral expressions of personality that are appropriate in the corresponding linguistic-social context. This research project attempts to examine the impact of language and culture on personality in the bilingual Chinese-English context. A series of studies will be conducted to determine whether Hong Kong Chinese bilinguals exhibit different patterns of personality characteristics, each associated with one of the two languages and their corresponding cultural contexts. We propose to qualify and quantify such discrepancies using different assessment approaches and methodologies to evaluate the range of impact for language shifts with Hong Kong Chinese bilinguals. The results of this project will have important applications in a number of areas such as communication, social behavior, ethnic identity, second-language teaching and inter-cultural processes. (SS06787)



Research Publications


  • Aggressive Behavior in Chinese Society: The Problem of Maintaining Order and Harmony. (co-authored with Wang Sung-hsing) Hong Kong: Social Research Centre, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1981.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5. H6 H6 no.95; UL HK Studies UL H62.5. H6 H6 no.95)



  • “Antecedents of Subjective Well-Being in Working Hong Kong Adults.” (co-authored with Mcauley Peta Lorrina and Ng Isabel Wing Chun) Journal of Psychology in Chinese Societies (Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press) vol.5 no.1(2004), pp.25-49
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical DS701 .J69 v.5, 2004)



  • “Avoid Collective Glory but Ally with Collective Shame: Emotional Response Bias of Hong Kong People towards Action of Mainland Chinese.” (co-authored with Kam Chun Seng) The 26th International Congress of Applied Psychology Poster presentation, Athens, Greece, July 2006



  • Beyond the Chinese Face: Insights from Psychology. Hong Kong: New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721 .B66)



  • “Bicultural orientations: the Hong Kong Chinese case.”(co-authored with Chen Xiao Hua Sylvia and Cheung Ching Kong Theodore) Paper presented in the iaccp, San Sebastian, Spain , July 2005



  • Coping with the Threat of Westernization in Hong Kong. (co-authored with Ambrose Y.C. King) United States: Pergamon Press, 1986.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HKS Pamphlet Z691.B65 C66 1986)



  • “Dimensions of Political Attitudes and Their Relations with Beliefs and Values in Hong Kong.” (co-authored with Keung Ka-Yi Doris) Journal of Psychology in Chinese Societies (Hong Kong SAR, China: The Hong Kong Psychological Society and The Chinese University Press) vol.3 no.1 (Nov 2002), pp.133-154.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical DS701 .J69 v.3-4, 2002-03)



  • Dimensions Used in Perceiving Peers: Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Hong Kong, Japanese, American, and Filipino University Students. Hong Kong: Social Research Centre, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1978.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6H6 no.77; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6H6 no.77)



  • “Emotional Response Bias of Hong Kong People Towards Actions of Mainland Chinese.” (co-authored with Kam Chun Seng) Paper presented in the The 26th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Athens, July 2006



  • Expanding Options in Human Resource Management: Cases from Social Service Agencies in Hong Kong. (co-authored with Kwok Leung) Hong Kong: Hong Kong Council of Social Service, 1987.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HV41.E97; UL HK Studies HV41.E97)



  • Face Saving in Chinese Culture: A Discussion and Experimental Study of Hong Kong Students. (co-authored with Peter W.H. Lee) Hong Kong: Social Research Center, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1978
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5H6H6 no.66; UL HK Studies H62.5H6H6 no.66)



  • “How Do Social Beliefs Relate to Past Successes? Relationship between Social Beliefs and Regulatory Pride among Hong Kong and Israeli Students.” (co-authored with Hui C. M. Dennis) 17th International Congress of International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology organized by Chinese Psychological Society, Xi”an, China, August 2004.



  • “A National Context for Suicide in Hong Kong: Psychological Implications.” (co-authored with Leung J. K. L.) Paper presented in the 33rd Annual Conference of Hong Kong Psychological Society Hong Kong SAR, June 2002



  • “Perceived Effectiveness of Influence Strategies among Hong Kong Managers.” (co-authored with Leong L. T. Joyce and Fu Pingping) Asia Pacific Journal of Management (Springer Science and Business Media, LLC) vol.24 (24 March 2007), pp.75-96
    (CUHK Library Call No: Available Online)



  • “Predicting Depressed Mood: Contributions of Personal Self-Efficacy and Interpersonal Harmony among Hong Kong and U.S. Adolescents.” (co-authored with Chen Xiao Hua Sylvia, Chan Wai and Stewart S. M.) 17th International Congress of International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology (2004), pp.1.



  • Psychological Aspects of Social Axioms: Understanding Global Belief Systems. (co-edited with Kwok Leung) New York: Springer, 2009.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HM251. P8275 2009)



  • “Reexamining Personal, Social, and Cultural Influences on Compliance Behavior in the United States, Poland, and Hong Kong.” (co-authored with Chen Xiao Hua Sylvia; Hui Natalie Heung Hung, Sit Alfred Y. F, Wong So Wan, Chow S. Y. Venus, Lun Vivian and Law Wing Man Rita. The Journal of Social Psychology vol.146 no.2 (April 2006), pp.223-244.
    (CUHK Library Call No: Available Online)



  • Social Psychology across Cultures. (co-authored with Peter B. Smith) Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1999.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HM1033 S.663 1999)



  • Social Psychology across Cultures: Analysis and Perspectives. (co-authored with Peter B. Smith) New York ; London : Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HM1033 S.663 1993)



  • The Cross-Cultural Challenge to Social Psychology. Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage, c1988.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HM1033 .C935 1988)



  • The Handbook of Chinese Psychology. Hong Kong; New York : Oxford University Press, 1996.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721 .H254 1996)



  • The Impact of Interviewer Language and Ethnicity on the Perceptions of Chinese Bilinguals. (co-authored with Herbert D. Pierson) Hong Kong: Social Research Centre, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1981.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H6 no.96)



  • The Psychology of the Chinese People. Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2008.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721 .P78 2008)



  • The Psychology of the Chinese People. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1986.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721 .P78; UL HK Studies: DS721 .P78; CC: DS 721 .P78)



  • “The Relationship of Implicit and Self-Attributed Needs to Well-being in Hong Kong Working Adults.” (co-authored with MCAULEY P.) Paper presented in the 25th International Congress of Applied Psychology, organized by International Association of Applied Psychology, Singapore, July 2002.



  • “The Role of Social Axioms in Predicting Life Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study in Hong Kong.” (co-authored with Lai Hiu Wai Johanna and Hui Heung Hung Natalie) Journal of Happiness Studies vol.8, pp.517-535
    (CUHK Library Call No: Available Online)



  • “The Stability of Social Axioms and Values Across the Hong Kong SARS Outbreak Period.” (co-authored with Lai H. W. Johanna; Hui Natalie Heung Hung) Paper presented in the 28th International Congress of Psychology, organized by The Chinese Psychological Society, Beijing, August 2004.



  • “Toward Defining Situations Objectively: A Culture-Level Analysis of Role Dyads in Hong Kong and Australia.” (co-authored with Mcauley Peta Lorrina and Kashima E.) Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology vol.33 no.4 (July 2002), pp.363-379
    (CUHK Library Call No: Available Online)



  • “Understanding Chinese Modesty: A Cross-Cultural Study in Hong Kong and Shanghai.” (co-authored with Chen Xiaohua Sylvia) Paper presented in the International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology 2003 Budapest Congress, organized by International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology, July 2003



  • Understanding Social Psychology across Cultures: Living and Working in a Changing World. (co-authored with Peter B. Smith and Çiğdem Kağıtçıbaşı) London: SAGE, 2006.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HM1033 S.662 2006)



  • “What Makes Hong Kong People Happy?” Predicting Subjective Well-Being in Hong Kong Adults.” (co-authored with Mcauley Peta Lorrina; Bond Michael Harris and Ng I. ) XXV International Congress of Applied Psychology, Singapore, July 2002



  • Working at the Interface of Cultures: Eighteen Lives in Social Science. London; New York: Routledge, 1997.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL GN345.7 .W67 1997)



  • 《中國人的心理》[Translation of: Psychology of the Chinese People]. (鄒海燕等譯 ; 封長虹校) 北京: 新華出版社, 1990.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721.P7812.1990)



  • 《中國人的心理》[譯自: Psychology of the Chinese People]. (張世富…等譯;張世富統校)昆明市: 雲南人民出版社, 1990.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721.P7812.1990b)



  • 《難以捉摸的中國人 : 中國人心理剖析》. Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1993.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL DS721.B6612 1993; UL HK Studies DS721.B6612 1993; NA General Education DS721.B6612 1993; CUTW-Book Collection (Restricted to CUTW users only) DS721.B6612 1993)


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