NGAI Sek Yum 倪錫欽

Research Projects


  • Cough Medicine Abuse among Young People in Hong Kong
  • SHEK Tan Lei Daniel, NGAI Sek Yum, LAM Ching Man
    1 February 2004
    Tung Wah Group of Hospitals

    A survey of the literature shows that there is a severe lack of validated Chinese measures of parent-adolescent communication in Hong Kong. There are two objectives of this project. The first objective of the project is to develop two measures of parent-adolescent communication, including: 1) a measure of specific parent-adolescent communication on seven process dimensions (frequency, initiation, recognition, self-disclosure, domination, emotional responses, and evaluation) over theoretically and empirically derived content areas (including academic achievement, peer relations, family issues and proper behavior); 2) a measure that attempts to assess the global qualities of parent-adolescent communication, such as empathy and trust in communication. The second objective of the project is to validate the two measures developed in this study. Two studies will be carried out to validate the measures developed. First, a known group comparison method will be carried out to examine the discriminant validity of the measures. Second, a test-retest reliability study will be carried out to examine the validity and reliability of the developed measures. The validated tools can help clinical practitioners to assess parent-adolescent communication in practice settings. Researchers can also use the developed tools to examine profiles of parent-adolescent communication in families with adolescents in Hong Kong. (SS03355)


  • A Pilot Exploration of Policies for Strengthening Family Functioning in Hong Kong
  • NGAI Sek Yum, TANG Kwong Leung, LAM Mong Chow Amy, LAM Ching Man, CHEUNG Chau Kiu
    15 March 2005
    Central Policy Unit, Hong Kong SAR Government

    This study explores policies for strengthening family functioning in Hong Kong. These include immediate, short-term, educational, regulative, preventive, remedial, developmental, individual-based, and community-based policies covering aspects of social welfare, immigration, population, and labor, among others. The primary strength of the study is that it draws on social work (front-line and supervisory) and social science expertise, particularly dealing with family issues. Such expertise guides the identification and assessment of policies in terms of their effectiveness and the feasibility of their implemenation. The study employs data and information collected from focus groups, a follow-up survery, and literature review to propose polcies for further examination. (SS04942)


  • The Politics of Identity Constitution Among Youth Workers in Hong Kong
  • NGAI Sek Yum
    1 November 2000
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    This study aims to develop an in-depth understanding of the politics of identity constitution among Hong Kong youth workers. Based on a theoretical framework drawn from the works of Derrida, Foucault, and Laclau and Mouffe, it will conduct a discourse analysis on the local youth services texts and the interviews with 40 youth workers. Specifically, the present study seeks to answer the following 3 research questions:
    (1) How do youth workers invent their identities by re-articulating discourses in their environment?
    (2) How do youth workers constitute their identities through resisting the social control demands made on them?
    (3) How do youth workers develop new identities through making use of the transitional political space in Hong Kong?
    The results of the study will on the theoretical level enrich the existing youth services literature by explicating how the complexity of power is played out via the fluidity of everyday youth work practices. On the practice level, they will help elucidate how youth workers negotiate the vagaries of power through political actions in various social contexts, thus have implications for conceiving more empowering youth services in Hong Kong on the turn of the century. (SS00433)


  • Racial Discrimination in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Impacts and Coping Strategies
  • TANG Kwong Leung, LAM Ching Man, LAM Mong Chow Amy, NGAI Sek Yum
    20 November 2003
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    Hong Kong, with its 6.7 million population, has witnessed a sizeable growth of ethnic and racial groups in the last decade. This study will examine the prevalence and impacts of racial discrimination in Hong Kong as well as the coping strategies used by ethnic minorities in managing the stressful effects of racial discrimination. Racial discrimination is an issue of growing concern partly due to its nature – violations of human rights, the extent of social costs as well as psychological impairments incurred to those who are affected. In this study, a survey of 150 ethnic minorities will be conducted, along with in-depth interviews of key informants. In addition, two focus groups comprising social service professionals and human rights activists will be conducted. The main goal of the focus groups is to explore policy and service action that is needed to deal with this issue. This study will be significant in several respects. Firstly, the issue of racial discrimination has captured the attention of the Hong Kong SAR Government, human rights activists and world community. Findings of the study will also be of interest to academics, social service professionals and policy-makers. Secondly, the survey would inform us about the ethnic minorities’ perceptions of the problem and their coping strategies. Finally, findings from this study can form a valuable base for developing into a large-scale opinion survey on racial discrimination in Hong Kong. (SS03405)



Research Publications


  • "Analyzing Hong Kong Outreach Worker Identity: Associated Discourses and Power Mechanisms". International Journal of Adolescence and Youth vol.13 no.4, 2007.07. pp.311-326.



  • "Analyzing Hong Kong Outreach Worker Identity: Associated Discourses and Practices". The 33 World Congress of Schools of Social Work held in Santiago, Chile. 2006.08.



  • "Barriers and Facilitators to the Acceptance of Social Work Services among Hong Kong Youth-at-risk" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau-kiu). Paper presented in the Mainland China-Hong Kong-Macau Youth Research Roundtable Conference. Hong Kong, 2007.05.



  • "Breaking through Barriers: The Political Actions of Hong Kong Outreach Youth Workers.". The Hong Kong Journal of Social Work vol.39 no.1/2, 2005. pp.49-63.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HKS Periodical HV1 .H68 v.37-39, 2003-05)



  • Cough Medicine Absue among Young People in Hong Kong. (co-authored with SHEK Tan Lei Daniel and LAM Ching Man) Hong Kong SAR: Tung Wah Group of Hospitals, 2004.06.



  • "Cough Medicine Abuse among young people in Hong Kong" (co-authored with SHEK Tan Lei Daniel, LAM Ching Man, YIU T. L., CHUNG B., KWONG R and LEUNG A). International conference on tackling drug abuse Hong Kong SAR, 2005.02.23.



  • "Differential Effects of Service Experience and Classroom Reflection on Service-Learning Outcomes: A Study of University Students in Hong Kong" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun). International Journal of Adolescence and Youth vol.12 2005. pp.231-250.



  • "Effective Group Work with Delinquents in Hong Kong" (co-authored with CHEUNG Chau Kiu). Adolescence vol.42 no.165, 2007. pp.151-165.
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC Periodical HQ793.A34 v.42, no.165-168, 2007 )



  • "Effects of Playing Online Game on Youth Problems in Hong Kong" (co-authored with CHEUNG Chau-kiu and NGAI Ngan Pun). Paper presented in the Mainland China-Hong Kong-Macau Youth Research Roundtable Conference. Hong Kong, 2007.05.



  • "Effects of Youth’s Policy Awareness on Support for Their Parents in Hong Kong and Shanghai" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau-kiu). Paper presented in the 8th International Conference on Asian Youth & Childhoods. Lucknow, India, 2007.11.



  • "Empowerment or Disempowerment? A Critical Review of Youth Training Schemes for Non-Engaged Youth in Hong Kong" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun). The XVI ISA World Congress of Sociology held in Durban, South Africa. 2006.07.



  • "Empowerment or Disempowerment? A Review of Youth Training Schemes for Non-Engaged Young People in Hong Kong" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun). Adolescence vol.42 no.165, 2007. pp.137-149.
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC Periodical HQ793.A34 v.42, no.165-168, 2007)



  • "Environmental Influences on Risk Taking among Hong Kong Young Dance Partygoers" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau Kiu). Adolescence vol.41 no.164, 2006. pp.739-752.
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC Periodical HQ793.A34 v.41, no.161-164, 2006)



  • "Exploring Emancipatory Youth Work: The Case of Hong Kong Outreach Workers". International Social Work vol.49 no.4, 2006. pp.1-11.



  • "Exploring the Validity of the Internet Addiction Test for Grades 5-9 Students in Hong Kong". International Journal of Adolescence and Youth vol.13 no.3, 2007. pp.221-237.



  • "Family abusive risk and social assistance opportunity in marginal youth’s life course: Clues to delinquent inclination in Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Guangzhou" (co-authored with CHEUNG Chau Kiu and NGAI Ngan Pun). A paper presented at the 7th International Conference on Asian Youth Issues: Opportunities and Challenges of Youth in New Era, organized by the Education and Youth Affairs Bureau, Macao SAR on 5-9 Dec 2005.



  • "Family Strain and Adolescent Delinquency in Two Chinese Cities, Guangzhou and Hong Kong" (co-authored with CHEUNG Chau Kiu and NGAI Ngan Pun). Journal of Child & Family Studies vol.16 no.5, 2007. p.626-641.



  • "Idealism, Altruism, Career Orientation and Burnout: A Study of Undergraduate Social Work Students in Hong Kong" (co-authored with CHEUNG Chau Kiu). Paper presented in the 45th Anniversary Symposium of CUHK Social Work Department on Social Work Practice & Education in Chinese Societies. Hong Kong SAR, 2008.



  • "Internet Addiction among Primary and Secondary School Students in Hong Kong". The Shanghai-Hong Kong-Singapore Expert Roundtable on Adolescent Internet Addiction: Assessment, Prevention and Treatment held in Shanghai. 2005.12.



  • "Key Elements Contributing to Leadership Development in Service-Learning: A Study of University Students in Hong Kong" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun). Paper presented in the International Symposium on Youth Leadership in a Transformational Society. Beijing, China, 2007.10.



  • "Local Service-Learning program at Chung Chi College of The Chinese University of Hong Kong". The International Partnership for Service-Learning’s 20th Anniversary Conference in Prague, April 13-18. New York, USA: International Partnership for Service-Learning, 2002.04.



  • "The Measurement of Internet Addiction: The Case of Hong Kong Secondary and Primary School Students" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau Kiu). Paper presented in the Mainland China, Hong Kong & Macau Youth Research Roundtable Conference. Hong Kong, China, 2007.05.



  • Occupational stress, social support, and burnout syndrome among outreaching social workers of Hong Kong. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1986.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Thesis HV431.N52)



  • Outreaching social work in Hong Kong : a community response to youth needs. Hong Kong: s.n., 1992.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies HV1441.H6 N53 1992)



  • "Policy Awareness and Support for Parents: A Comparative Study of Young People in Hong Kong and Shanghai" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau Kiu). Paper presented in the 45th Anniversary Symposium of CUHK Social Work Department on Social Work Practice & Education in Chinese Societies. Hong Kong SAR, 2008.



  • The politics of identity constitution among outreach workers in Hong Kong [electronic resource or microform]. 1999.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Thesis HV431 .N452 1999; Available Online)



  • "The Politics of Youth Work Practices: The Case of Hong Kong Outreaching Social Workers". Advances in Social Welfare in Hong Kong ed. by D.T.L. Shek, M.C. Lam, C.F. Au & J.J. Lee. Hong Kong, 2002. pp.175-204.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HV431 .A38 2002 c.3; UL Reserve 4 hours HV431 .A38 2002 c.4; UL HK Studies HV431 .A38 2002 c.2; CC Reserve 4 hours HV431 .A38 2002)



  • Racial discrimination in Hong Kong: Prevalence and impact. (co-authored with TANG Kwong Leung, LAM Ching Man and LAM Mong Chow Amy) Hong Kong SAR: CUHK, 2006.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Oversize DS796.H79 A275 2006; UL HK Studies DS796.H79 A275 2006 c.2)



  • Report on Pilot Study of Policies for Strengthening Family Functioning in Hong Kong (co-authored with TANG Kwong Leung, LAM Mong Chow Amy, LAM Ching Man and CHEUNG Chau-kiu) Hong Kong, 2005.



  • Report on Risk-taking Behavior among Hong Kong Young Dance Partygoers: What They Do and Why (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau-kiu) Hong Kong, 2006.



  • "Risk-Taking among Hong Kong Young Dance Partygoers: What They Do and Why" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and CHEUNG Chau Kiu). The 7th International Conference on Asian Youth Issues held in Macau organized by ISA R34 & Macau SAR Government. 2005.12.



  • Risk-taking behavior among Hong Kong young dance partygoers : what they do and why : research report. (co-authored with Ngan-pun Ngai and Chan-kiu Cheung) Hong Kong: Dept. of Social Work, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2006.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies HQ799.8.H6 N43 2006; UC General Education HQ799.8.H6 N43 2006 c.2)



  • "Service Participation, Friendship Networks, Family Supports and Developmental Outcomes among Low-Income Young People in Hong Kong" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun, CHEUNG Chau Kiu and TO Siu Ming). Paper presented in the Nordic Youth Research Conference (NYRIS 10) on Bonds and Communities – Young People and Their Social Ties. Lillehammer, Norway, 2008.



  • "Service-Learning and Student Empowerment: A Four-Year Review of the Local Service-Learning Program at Chung Chi College of The Chinese University of Hong Kong". Paper presented in the International Conference on Service-Learning: Developing New Leadership for Communities, Nations, and the World, organized by the International Partnership for Service-Learning and Leadership. Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2004.01.



  • "Service-Learning, Personal Development and Social Commitment: A Case Study of University Students in Hong Kong". Adolescencevol. 41 2006. pp.165-176.
    (CUHK Library Call No: CC Periodical HQ793.A34 v.41, no.161-164, 2006)



  • "Status Zero Youth and the Youth Pre-employment Training Program in Hong Kong". The International Association of Schools of Social Work's 30th Bi-annual Congress in Montpellier, France, July 15-18, 2002. Montpellier, France: International Association of Schools of Social Work, 2002.07.



  • "Tackling Discrimination among Ethnic Minorities: The Case of Post-Colonial Hong Kong" (co-authored with TANG Kwong Leung and LAM Mong Chow Amy). The Indian Journal of Social Work vol.65 no.3, Mumbai, India: Tata Institute of Social Sciences, 2004.07. pp.352-272.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical HV1.I5 v.65, 2004)



  • "When Does Career Strain Reduce Delinquency? Friendship Concern in Hong Kong." (co-authored with CHEUNG Chau Kiu). International Journal of Adolescence and Youth vol.12 no.1/2, Oxon, United Kingdom: AB Academic Publishers, 2005.06. pp.131-147.



  • "Youth Leadership Training in Hong Kong: Current Development and the Way Ahead" (co-authored with NGAI Ngan Pun and TO Siu Ming). Paper presented in the International Symposium on Youth Leadership in a Transformational Society. Beijing, China, 2007.10.



  • <妨礙與促進香港越軌青少年接納和完成社工服務的因素> (與魏雁濱及張宙橋合著),《論文發表於2007 年5 月12-13 日,香港中文大學社會工作系與中國青少年研究會合辦,國際社會學會34青年社會學研究委員會協辦》,中國香港, 2007。


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