LEE Jik Joen 李翊駿

Research Projects


  • An Exploratory Study on Urinary Incontinence in the Elderly
  • LEE Jik Joen
    1 January 2002
    Hong Kong Society for the Aged

    Urinary incontinence is a sensitive and taboo subject in Hong Kong as well as in other parts of the world. Urinary incontinence is seen more often in older adults. It is a silent epidemic among elderly people. Urinary is believed that urinary incontinence in the elderly is widely underreported all over the world. Urinary incontinence is not an inevitable process of aging. Yet, urinary incontinence is a relatively common symptom among elderly people. A large number of adult people have shown trace of urinary incontinence. It is a major issue in society. Urinary incontinence becomes an important public health concern because it is a costly problem for the health and medical authorities. Likewise, urinary incontinence is a private concern because it affects the quality of life of those being influenced, if not mention about the cost of dealing with the problem. Until now, there is no systematic information available in Hong Kong in the area of urinary incontinence in the elderly. The primary goal of this study is to explore some of the issues of urinary incontinence in the elderly. This study strives to provide some basic information in the area of urinary incontinence among local elderly people aged 60 and over. The information obtained is expected to fill the gap of local literature, to facilitate the general public.s understanding of the urinary incontinence in the elderly, to enhance the care of this frail and dependent population, and to establish areas requires further research. In addition, this study will focus on reporting some of the psychosocial and daily life hardships encountered by the incontinent elderly respondents. (SS01806)


  • Lifelong Education for the Elderly: A Case Study of the Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui Welfare Council Institute of Continuing Education for Senior Citizens
  • LEE Jik Joen, Wong S Y Rebecca*, Wan K P Catherine*, Shun Wai Chuen*, Chan K H Charles*
    1 January 2001
    Donation from the Advantage Trust

    In 1982, continuing lifelong education for the elderly was acknowledged as one of the basic human rights by the World Assembly on Aging, an international conference organized by the United Nations. Since then, educational gerontology has become a policy issue as well as an educational concern for many countries in the West, and, to a lesser extent, in some of the Eastern countries, notably Japan, Taiwan and China. In Hong Kong, education for the elderly has been much underdeveloped in the government sector. It is not a concern for local policy makers at all. Fortunately, the Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui Welfare Council (HKSKHWC), one of the nongovernmental organizations in Hong Kong, has developed a relatively large scale, educational program for the elderly since 1998, there have been 25 centres offering courses for the elderly territorywide. Last year there were 696 courses with 1,650 registered elderly students. The program is basically divided into three faculties, namely, Faculty of Arts (Chinese, English), Faculty of Sports and Fine Arts (Singing, Cantonese opera, Dance, Physical Education, Physical Exercises, Dance, Handicrafts, Painting, Drawing), and Faculty of Social Sciences (Civil Education, Social Skills, Information Technology, etc.).
    The proposed research is an exploratory, crosssectional study. It is the best one of its kind in the local field of educational gerontology. The study aims at providing the service provider (i.e., HKSKHWC) with the useful information about the quality and usefulness of the courses offered. The data collected will be used for possible program perfection. In addition, elderly students' learning experience, their levels of satisfaction toward the program, plus the applicability of the knowledge obtained and the impact of such knowledge upon their daily life activities will be examined. The result of this study will be sent to the Elderly Commission for long term planning and policy making in educational gerontology, too. (SS20012)


  • A Model of Successful Aging for the Elderly Living Alone in the Community: A Pilot Study
  • LEE Jik Joen, SHEK Tan Lei Daniel
    1 November 2000
    CUHK Research Committee Funding (Direct Grants)

    This is a pilot study of a large scale study of the elderly living alone in Hong Kong. A severe lack of scientific findings in the local context and the existence of contradictory research findings in the literature concerning the psychosocial/health needs and adjustment of elderly people living alone in the community are sufficient to warrant a systematic; large scale investigation in Hong Kong.
    The objectives of this study are: (1) to depict the elderly people who live alone in terms of psychosocial and sociodemographic characteristics; (2) to identify the determinants of living alone in old age, (3) to understand the experience of living alone in a modern Chinese society, (4) to investigate personal coping skills, formal and informal supports as well as the utilization patterns for psychosocial and health services by the elderly people living alone, (5) to examine the psychosocial adjustment of the elderly people living alone, and (6) to construct a model of successful aging for the elderly living alone.
    This study will be a pioneer, cross-sectional study concerning the elderly aged 60 or over living alone in the community. Conceptually, the strength of this study is that it attempts to build up a model of the determinants of successful aging for elderly people living alone in a modern Chinese society. Methodologically, the strength of this study is that a large and random sample will be used, and that the situations of non-institutionalized elderly people living alone will be compared with (a) the elderly people living with others in the community, and (b) those elderly people living alone in the community who have been identified as high-risk by the Social Welfare Department. Academically speaking, this study will generate findings that can clarify our understanding of elderly people living alone. Practically speaking, this study will help local human service providers to find appropriate ways to prevent premature institutionalization and to avoid the negative impact of overcaring or undercaring for the elderly by delivering the needed services to the right elderly clients. (SS00387)



Research Publications


  • Advances in Social Welfare in Hong Kong. (co-authored with SHEK Tan Lei Daniel, LAM Mong Chow Amy and AU Chor Fai). Hong Kong, P.R.C.: The Chinese University Press, 2002.



  • Development, delivery, and utilization of services under the Older Americans Act : a perspective of Asian American elderly. New York : Garland, 1991.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HV1465.L44)



  • "An Exploratory Study on the Quality of Life of Older People Living Alone in Hong Kong". Social Indicators Research vol.71 no.1, Europedoi 10.1007/s11205-004-8027-x: Springer-Verlag, 2005.01. pp.335-361.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical HN25.S64 v.71-72, 2005; Available Online)



  • A health survey of the elderly in Hong Kong. Hong Kong : Dept. of Social Work & Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, 1989.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HQ1064.H6 C44 c.2; UL HK Studies HQ1064.H6 C44; MD HQ1064.H6 C44)



  • "The Relationship between Gender and the psychological Impact of Urinary Incontinence on Older People in Hong Kong: An Exploratory Analysis". Aging and Society vol.24 no.4, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2004.07. pp.553-566.



  • Retirement benefit programs : analysis and a proposed for Hong Kong. Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1991.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6H62 no.6; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6H62 no.6)



  • The road to the development of social welfare in Hong Kong : the historical issues. Occasional paper ; no. 51. Hong Kong : Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, 1996.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H62 no.51; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6 H62 no.51 c.2)



  • Tung Wah Group of Hospitals : research on residential care service needs of the elders. Hong Kong : Social Welfare Practice and Research Centre, Dept. of Social Work, Chinese University of Hong Kong, 2005.
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Oversize HV1484.H62 L37 2005 c.2; UL HK Studies HV1484.H62 L37 2005)



  • 《內在效度與外在效度:社會科學硏究的焦點》,台中:東海大學,民國87 [1998]。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62 .L43 1998)



  • 《沙田區長者最希望聽到的十句句子調查研究》,香港:社會福利署沙田區安老服務協調委員會長者綜合化服務工作小組,2005。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Gov Document HV1484.H64 S428 2005; UL Oversize HV1484.H64 S428 2005 c.3; UL HK Studies HV1484.H64 S428 2005 c.2)



  • 《近年香港社會福利政策的發展 : 以彭定康的施政為案例》,香港:香港中文大學香港亞太硏究所,1997。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H62 no.70; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6 H62 no.70 c.2)



  • 《香港老年社會服務法案:一個建議成立的老年社會服務網絡》,香港:香港中文大學香港亞太硏究所, 1998。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL H62.5.H6 H62 no.88 c.2; UL HK Studies H62.5.H6 H62 no.88)



  • 〈香港的老年人口與經濟〉,《社聯季刊》,第149期,香港特別行政區:香港社會服務聯會,1999,頁7-15。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical HV4 .H75 no.148-151, 1999; UL HKS Periodical HV4 .H75 no.148-155, 1999-2000)



  • 〈香港家務助理服務:理念與結構〉,《神學與教會》,第26卷,第2期,台灣:台南神學院,2001,頁372-391。



  • 〈香港獨居長者的特質與安老服務〉,《社會工作學刊》,第6期,台灣,2001,頁19-57。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL Periodical HV4 .S47 no.7, 2001)



  • 《原居安老 : 理念、理論基礎與實務》,香港:香港中文大學香港亞太研究所,2007。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL HK Studies HV1484.H62 L47 2007)



  • 《無性繁殖動物的社會啓示芻議》,台南市:台南神學院,1999。
    (CUHK Library Call No: UL QH442.2 .L475 1999)


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